Word Summary
garash: to drive out, cast out
Original Word: גָּרַשׁ
Transliteration: garash
Phonetic Spelling: (gaw-rash')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to drive out, cast out
Meaning: to drive out from a, possession, to expatriate, divorce
Strong's Concordance
cast up out, divorced woman, drive away forth, out, expel, trouble, thrust out

A primitive root; to drive out from a possession; especially to expatriate or divorce -- cast up (out), divorced (woman), drive away (forth, out), expel, X surely put away, trouble, thrust out.


H1644. garash

[גָּרַשׁ‎] verb drive out, cast out (Late Hebrew id., Aramaic גְּרַשׁ‎ Pa`el, Ithpe`el of divorce, MI19 ויגרשה‎) —

Qal Imperfect וַיִּגְרְשׁוּIsaiah 57:20; Infinitive suffix מִגְרָשָׁהּEzekiel 36:5 below; Participle active גֹּרֵשׁExodus 34:11; passive feminine גְּרוּשָׁהLeviticus 21:7 4t.; — cast our, thrust out, ׳י‎, the Amorites Exodus 34:11 (J E; with מִמְּנֵי‎); waters, mire and dirt וָטִיט רֶפֶשׁIsaiah 57:20; passive only of divorced woman Leviticus 21:7 (followed by מֵאִישָׁהּ‎; elsewhere with אַלְמָנָהwidow), 21:14; 22:13 (all H), Numbers 30:10 (P) Ezekiel 44:22. On מִגְרָשָׁהּ36:5 as Aramaic Infinitive compare Ges§ 45 1.c. Köi 166; Co strike out, on internal grounds, compare ᵐ5

Niph`al Perfect נִגְרָ֑שׁIsaiah 57:20; 3feminine singular וְנִגְרְשָׁה‎ consecutive Amos 8:8; נִגְרַשְׁתִּיJonah 2:5; — be driven away, followed by עֵינֶיךָ מִנֶּגֶד‎, i.e. from the presence of Yahweh 2:5; be driven, tossed, as the Nile Amos 8:8; of the sea Isaiah 57:20 rel. clause, אֲשֶׁר‎ omitted, like the sea that is tossed.

Pi`el Perfect3feminine singular וְגֵרְשָׁה‎ consecutive Exodus 23:28; גֵּרַשְׁתָּGenesis 4:14, suffix 3masculine plural וְגֵרַשְׁתָּמוֺ‎ consecutive Exodus 23:31; וְגֵרַשְׁתִּ֫י33:2, suffix גֵּרַשְׁתִּיהוּEzekiel 31:11 (so ᵑ9 ᵑ7‎, not ᵐ5‎; compare Co's conjecture); וְגֵּרַשְׁתִּיו‎ consecutive Numbers 22:11; 3plural suffix גֵּרְשׁוּנִי1 Samuel 26:19; Imperfect יְגָרֵשׁExodus 11:1, וַיְגָ֫רֶשׁGenesis 3:24 6t.; suffix וַיְגָרֲשֵׁהוּPsalm 34:1, יְגָָֽרֲשֵׁםExodus 6:1-2;masculine singular תְּגָרֵשׁPsalm 80:9, וַתְּגָ֫רֶשׁJoshua 24:12; אֲגָרֵשׁJudges 2:3, וָָֽאֲגָרֵשׁ6:9; suffix 3masculine singular אֲגָָֽרְשֶׁנּוּExodus 23:29-30, Numbers 22:6; אֲגָָֽרֲשֵׁםHosea 9:15; וַיְגָָֽרֲשׁוּJudges 11:2; יְגָָֽרֲשׁוּהָZephaniah 2:4, וַיְגָָֽרֲשׁוּםExodus 2:17; 2masculine plural תְּגָָֽרֲשׁוּןMicah 2:9, וַתְּגָָֽרֲשׁוּנִיJudges 11:7; Infinitive construct לְגָרֵשׁ1 Chronicles 17:21 + "" 2 Samuel 7:23 Gei We Dr, for לארצך ᵑ0‎; לְגָָֽרֲשֵׁנוּ2 Chronicles 20:11; absolute id. Exodus 11:1; Imperative גָּרֵשׁGenesis 21:10; Proverbs 22:10; — drive out, away, Hexateuch all J E, including poem Deuteronomy 33; (׳י‎ subject), Adam from garden Genesis 3:24 compare Cain 4:14 (followed by מִן‎ local, & so 21 t.), David (men subject) 1 Samuel 26:19, id. (Abimelech subject) Psalm 34:1 (title), Hagar (Abraham subject) Genesis 21:10 compare scorner, Proverbs 22:10 daughters of Reuel (subject shepherds) Exodus 2:17; Moses and Aaron from Pharaoh's presence (indefinite subject) 10:11; Gaal etc. (subject Zebul) Judges 9:41 (followed by מִן‎ with Infinitive), Jephthah (Gil. subject) 11:2, 7; Abiathar (subject Solomon) 1 Kings 2:27 (followed by מִן‎ with Infinitive) wicked from temple (׳י‎ subject) Hosea 9:15; women from houses (nobles subject) Micah 2:9; often of Canaanites (hornet subject) Exodus 23:28; Joshua 24:12 compare Exodus 23:31 (Israel subject); also (׳י‎ subject; compare MI19) 23:29-30, 33:2; Deuteronomy 33:27; Joshua 24:18; Judges 2:3; 6:9; Psalm 78:55; 80:9; 1 Chronicles 17:21; of Israel from Egypt (subject Pharaoh) Exodus 6:1; 11:1 (twice in verse); from land of Moab (subject Balak) Numbers 22:6, 11; Judah from Canaan (subject Moab & Ammon) 2 Chronicles 20:11; Egypt from her land (׳י‎ subject) Ezekiel 31:11 (but compare text, above); Ashdod (indefinite subject) Zephaniah 2:4.

Pu`al Perfect גֹּרְשׁוּ‎ subject Israelites Exodus 12:39; Imperfect יְגֹרָ֑שׁוּ‎ subject despised and miserable outcasts Job 30:5 both followed by מִן‎ local