Word Summary
dabaq: to cling, cleave, keep close
Original Word: דָּבַק
Transliteration: dabaq
Phonetic Spelling: (daw-bak')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to cling, cleave, keep close
Meaning: to impinge, cling, adhere, to catch by pursuit
Strong's Concordance
abide fast, cleave fast together, follow close hard after, be joined together

A primitive root; properly, to impinge, i.e. Cling or adhere; figuratively, to catch by pursuit -- abide fast, cleave (fast together), follow close (hard after), be joined (together), keep (fast), overtake, pursue hard, stick, take.


H1692. dabaq

דָּבֵק דָּבַק,verb cling, cleave, keep close (Late Hebrew id., Arabic Aramaic דְּבַק דְּבֵק,‎ , ) —

Qal Perfect דָּבַק1 Kings 11:2 2t.; וְדָבַק‎ consecutive Genesis 2:24; דָּבֵ֑ק2 Kings 3:3; 3feminine singular דָּֽבְקָהRuth 1:14 5t.; דָּבֵ֑קָהJob 29:10; 1singular דָּבַקְתִּיPsalm 119:31; 3plural דָּֽבְקוּ2 Samuel 20:2; וְדָֽבְקוּ‎ consecutive Deuteronomy 28:60; דָּבֵ֑קוּJob 41:15; וּדְבַקְתֶּם‎ consecutive Joshua 23:12; Imperfect יִדְבַּקDeuteronomy 13:18 3t.; 3 feminine singular תִּדְבַּק2 Kings 5:27; Psalm 137:6; וַתִּדְבַּקGenesis 34:3 2t.; suffix תִּדְבָּקַנִי19:19; 2masculine singular תִּדְבָּ֑קDeuteronomy 10:20; Ezekiel 29:4 (strike out B Co); 2 feminine singular תִּדְבָּקִיןRuth 2:8, 21; 3plural יִדְבְּקוּNumbers 36:7, 9; 2masculine plural תִּדְבָּ֑קוּJoshua 23:8; תִּדְבָּקוּ֑ןDeuteronomy 13:5; Infinitive construct וּלְדָבְקָהבּֿוֺ11:22 2t.; — in Hexateuch only J D, except Numbers 36:7, 9 (P); —

1 cling, cleave to,

a. literally followed by בְּJob 19:20 (bone to skin), so followed by לְPsalm 102:6; followed by אֶל2 Samuel 23:10 (hand to sword; accidentally omitted with other words 1 Chronicles 11:13 compare Dr 2 Samuel 23:11), Jeremiah 13:11 (girdle to loins), Lamentations 4:4 (tongue to roof of mouth, in thirst), so followed by לְJob 29:10; Psalm 137:6 (as a judgment); so also in metaphor 44:26 בִּטְנֵנוּ לָאָרֶץ דָּֽבְקָהour belly cleaveth to the earth ("" נַפְשֵׁנוּ לֶעָפָר שָׁחָה‎), 119:25 נַפְשִׁי לֶעָפָר דָּֽבְקָה‎; fish to scales of crocodile (figurative of Pharaoh), followed by בְּEzekiel 29:4 (but compare above); absolute (reciprocal) of folds of crocodile's belly Job 41:15; further of the חֵרֶם‎ remaining in (sticking to) the hand followed by בְּDeuteronomy 13:18; so of spot, stain Job 31:7;

b. so also of abiding on the land of one's tribe Numbers 36:7, 9 (followed by בְּ‎).

c. = remain with, close to followed by עִםRuth 2:8, 21 followed by בְּ2:23.

2 cling, cleave to,

a. figurative of loyalty, affection etc., sometimes with idea of physical proximity retained, followed by בְּGenesis 2:24 (J; man to wife) compare 34:3 (J) 1 Kings 11:2; Joshua 23:12 (D); further Ruth 1:14 (Ruth to Naomi); 2 Samuel 20:2 (people to king); especially (followed by בְּ‎) of cleaving to ׳יDeuteronomy 11:22 ("" בְּכָלדְּֿרָכָיו הָלַךְ אָהֵב,‎) 30:20 ("" בְּקֹלוֺ שָׁמַע אָהֵב,‎), Joshua 22:5 ("" מִצְוֺתָיו שָׁמַר וגו, ׳הָלַךְ אָהֵב,‎); compare further Deuteronomy 10:20; 13:5; Joshua 23:8 (all D), 2 Kings 18:6; Psalm 63:9 (followed by אַחֲרֵי‎) & 119:31 בְֵעדְוֺתֶ֑יךָ דָּבַקְתּי‎; so

b. of the opposite דָּבֵ֑ק ֗֗֗ יָָֽרָבְעָם בְּחַטּאֹות‎ 2 Kings 3:37,

c. subject disease, calamity, followed by בְּ‎ person Deuteronomy 28:60; 2 Kings 5:27; followed by אַחֲרֵיJeremiah 42:16; followed by accusative Genesis 19:19 (J); subject sin Psalm 101:3 (followed by בְּ‎ person)

Pu`al Imperfect3masculine plural יְדֻבָּ֑קוּ‎ passive of Hiph`il

1 followed by בְּ‎, of crocodile's scales, they are joined together Job 41:9 ("" יִתְלַכְּדוּ‎); absolute of earth-clods 38:38.

Hiph`il Perfect3feminine singular suffix הִדְבִּיקָ֑תְהוּJudges 20:42; 3plural suffix הִדְבִּיקֻהוּ2 Samuel 1:6; 1singular הִדְבַּקְתִּיJeremiah 13:11; וְהִדְבַּקְתִּ֫יEzekiel 29:4; Imperfect jussive יַדְבֵּקDeuteronomy 28:21; וַיַּדְבֵּקGenesis 31:23; אַדְבִּיקEzekiel 3:26; וַיַּדְבִּיקוּJudges 18:22; 20:45; וַיַּדְבְּקוּ1 Samuel 14:22 2t. (compare Ges§ 53 R 4 Köi. 210).

1 cause to cling or cleave to, followed by accusative + אֶל‎, literally אֶלחִֿכֶּ֑ךָ אַדְבִּיק וּלְשׁוֺנְךָEzekiel 3:26; see also 29:4 (followed by accusative + בְּ‎; literal, but in metaphor); figurative of causing to cleave to ׳יJeremiah 13:11 (followed by accusative + אֶל‎); compare further Deuteronomy 28:21 (subject ׳י‎, followed by accusative of disease + בְּ‎).

2 pursue closely, followed by אַחֲרֵיJudges 20:45; 1 Samuel 14:22; 1 Chronicles 10:2 = 1 Samuel 31:2 (followed by accusative); so also 2 Samuel 1:6 (followed by accusative)

3 overtake, followed by accusative Genesis 31:23 (E), Judges 18:22; compare 20:42 (subject הַמִּלְחָמַה‎).

Hoph`al Participle מַלְקוֺחָ֑י מֻדְבָּק וּלְשׁוֺנִיPsalm 22:16 and my tongue is made to cleave (to) my gums; compare below

Qal 1.

[דְּבֵק‎] verb cling (Biblical Hebrew); —

Pe`al Participle plural עִםדְּֿנָה דְּנָה דָּֽבְקִיןDaniel 2:43.