Word Summary
di: who, which, that, because
Original Word: דִּי
Transliteration: di
Phonetic Spelling: (dee)
Part of Speech: particle of relation; mark of Genitive; conjunction; mark of the Genitive; conjunction; particle
Short Definition: who, which, that, because
Meaning: who, which, that, because
Strong's Concordance
as, but, forasmuch, now, of, seeing, than, that,

(Aramaic) apparently for da'; that, used as relative conjunction, and especially (with a preposition) in adverbial phrases; also as preposition of -- X as, but, for(-asmuch +), + now, of, seeing, than, that, therefore, until, + what (-soever), when, which, whom, whose.

see HEBREW da'


H1768. di

דִּיparticle of relation, who, which, that, used also as

mark of Genitive and

conjunction that, because (Aramaic of Nineveh, Babylonian, Zinjirli, Nerab, Cilicia, Têma, Egypt, ןי‎ (Lzb267. 446 RES361 S-CPap. A 2 +); Nabataean, Palmyrene די‎; דְּ ᵑ7‎ (except in compounds, as דִּילִיmine, דִּילֵיהּhis); Samaritan ; Syriac ; Ethiopic za: of same origin as Arabic possessor of [compare below Biblical Hebrew זֶה‎]. Properly a demonstrative that [compare זֶה‎; in Ethiopic ze is 'this', za 'which']; but this being referred by usage to something preceding becomes equivalent to the relative who, which, used, however, more widely than Hebrew אֲשֶׁר‎); — 1 as rel. who, which (construed like אֲשֶׁר‎): a. Jeremiah 10:11; Daniel 2:11 מְדָֽרְהוֺן דִּיwhose dwelling, 2:24 מַלְבָּא מַנִּי דִּיwhom the king had appointed, 2:26 בּ שְׁמֵהּ ׳דִּיwhose name was B., 4:5; 5:12, 23, etc.; = that which 2:23; = him that Ezra 7:25; 6:15; Daniel 7:17 אַרְבַּע אִנוּן דִּתwhich are four (see אִנּוּן‎). Following pronoun of 2 person (compare אֲשֶׁר3), 2:37 thou, O king ..., לָח יְהַב ֗֗֗ דִּיto whom... hath given, 4:19; 4:6 as to whom I know, etc. (compare אֲשֶׁר4d end). Sq. תַּמָּה‎ = where Ezra 6:1, so דִּי‎ alone 6:3; Daniel 2:38; of time, דִּי בְּעִדָּנָא‎ at the time when, etc., 3:5, 15. With the predicate an infinitive with לְ‎, 6:9 לְהַשְׁנָיָה לָא דִּי כְּתָבָאwhich is not to be changed, Ezra 6:8; a place- or other determination, Daniel 3:20 valiant men בְחֵילֵהּthat were in his army, 5:2 בִירוּשְׁלֵב דִּי הֵיכְלָא‎, 7:20; Ezra 4:24; 5:6; 6:2, 6; compare Daniel 2:25; 5:13; 7:7; Ezra 7:23. לָא דִּי‎ = without, 6:9; 7:22 (so ᵑ7 דְּלָאGenesis 15:2; Exodus 21:11); compare Daniel 2:34, 45. b. דִּי מָה דִּי, מָן‎ (compare in late Hebrew מַה ׳מַהשֶּֿׁ,1e b) whoever, whatever, so 3:6, 11 ָ(מןדִּֿילָֿא יִמֵּלwhoever does not fall down, 4:14 יִצְבֵּא דִּי לְמָן‎ to whomsoever he willeth, 4:22; 4:29; 5:21; דִי מָהwhatever (or simply what), 2:28 לֶהֱוֵא דִּי מָה‎ what will be, 2:29; 2:29; 2:45; Ezra 6:8; 7:18. — compare K§ 103. 2 as

mark of the Genitive, Daniel 2:15 מלכא די שׁליטא‎ properly the captain, that of the king = the king's captain (a Genuine Aramaic idiom: so דְּ ᵑ7‎, Syriac constantly), 2:19; 2:25; 2:49 +? Ezra 4:15; 5:2, etc., or in the absolute state (undetermined), Daniel 5:5; 7:4, 9, 10 נוּר דִּי נְהַר‎; or it may have a pleonastic suffix, 2:20 אֱלָהָא דִּי שְׁמֵהּ‎ literally his name, that of God = God's name, 2:44; 3:8, 25, 26; 4:23, etc. (so also ᵑ7‎ Syriac). To circumscribe an adjective, especially in specification of the material: 2:38 thou art דַהֲבָא דִּי רֵאשָׁה‎ the head of gold, 2:39; 3:1; 5:7, 16; Ezra 5:14; 6:4 +; as predicate Daniel 2:32 טָב דִּידְֿהַב רֵאשֵׁהּ‎ his head (was) of fine gold, 2:33; 7:19; with a pronoun 2:20 wisdom and might הִיא דִּילֵֿהּ‎ are his; compare 6:27 תִתְחַבַּל דִּילָֿא וּמַלְכוּתֵהּ‎ his kingdom (is one) which shall not be destroyed, 7:14. — See further K§ 81. 3 as

conjunction (compare אֲשֶׁר8):

a. that (quod), after verbs of knowing, Daniel 2:8-9, seeing 2:45; 3:27, hearing 5:14, etc.; introducing the subject of a sentence, ֗֗֗ דִּי ֗֗֗ יְדִיעַ3:18; Ezra 4:13; Daniel 2:47 ֗֗֗ דִּי מִןקְֿשֹׁט‎ True is it that . . . (compare כִּי אָמְנָםJob 12:2).

b. = in that, inasmuch as, whereas: Daniel 2:41 and whereas (דִּי‎) thou sawest, etc. . . . it shall be adivided kingdom, 2:43; 4:20; 4:23; as a connecting link$ = seeing that, because, for (compare אֲשֶׁר8c) 2:9, 20b; 2:23b; 2:47b; 4:15; 6:24b.

c. that (ut), after verbs of asking Daniel 2:16, commanding 3:10, 29, expressing a purpose 4:3; 5:15; Ezra 4:15; 6:10 +; לָא דִּיthat not (ne) Daniel 2:18; 3:28; 6:18 (on לְמָה דִּיlest Ezra 7:23, see מה‎).

d. prefixed to direct narr. (like כִּי1b, and sometimes אֲשֶׁר8a γ, and ὅτι recitativum), Daniel 2:25 and said thus unto him דִּיהַֿשְׁכַּחַת‎ (that) I have found, etc., 5:7; 6:6; 6:14.

4 with prepositions and other prefixes:

a. דִי כְּ‎ (like Hebrew כַּאֲשֶׁר‎; so Egyptian Aramaic כזי‎, Palmyrene, Nabataean כדי‎, Lzb293 SACG1 62, 63 Cooke369b RES:361; כַּד ᵑ7‎, Syriac ); a according as, Daniel 2:43; b. so soon as, when, 3:7; 5:20; 6:11; 6:15.

b. מִןדִּֿי‎: a. because that, Daniel 3:22; Ezra 5:12 (compare מֵאֲשֶׁרIsaiah 43:4); b. from (the time) that, after (ex quo), Daniel 4:23; Ezra 4:23.

c. דִּי עַדuntil, Daniel 2:9, 34; 4:30; 7:22; = ere that 6:25.

d. דִּי עַלDaniel 3:19 is not a conjunction, but means above that which ...

e. for דִּי דִּבְרַת עַל‎ and דִּי כָּלקֳֿבֵל‎ see [ דִּבְרָה‎] and קֳבֵל‎.

כְּparticle like, as, about (Biblical Hebrew כְּ‎, q. v.); — like, as Daniel 2:40 כְּפַרְוְלָא תַּקִּיפָא‎, 4:5; 4:32; 5:1 +; according to 4:32 עָכֵד מִצְבְּיֵהּ וּכְּ‎ and according to his will he doeth, Ezra 6:9, 18 +; about (as Biblical Hebrew 1a: compare Zinjirli Lzb444 [ן‎] מלכ כשלשן‎), Daniel 4:16 חֲדָה כְּשָׁעָה‎, 6:1; with infinitive (Biblical Hebrew 3b), 6:21 לִגֻבָּא מִקְרְנֵהּ וּכְ‎ and as he drew near, etc. Cpds.: — דִי כְּ‎ and כִּדְנָה‎, see דִּי‎ and דָּאנה‎; כַּחֲדָה‎; together, see חַד‎ (sub אחד‎).