Word Summary
zayith: olive tree, olive
Original Word: זַיִת
Transliteration: zayith
Phonetic Spelling: (zay'-yith)
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Short Definition: olive tree, olive
Meaning: an olive, the tree, the branch, the berry
Strong's Concordance
olive tree Olivet

Probably from an unused root (akin to Ziv); an olive (as yielding illuminating oil), the tree, the branch or the berry -- olive (tree, -yard), Olivet.

see HEBREW Ziv


H2132. zayith

זַ֫יִתnoun masculinePsalm 52:10 olive-tree, olive (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic , זֵיתָא‎; Ethiopic Arabic olive-tree, olive, olive-oil; see LagM iii. 215 ff HomAufsätze u. Abh., 1892, 94, 99 ff.; √dubious; Thes and most derive from assumed זההbe bright, fresh, luxuriant (see below זִוּ‎) + ת‎ afformative which is. then treated as radical, compare Sta§ 187 a; but this not certain, compare Ol§ 119 b, 142 a; according to LagArmen. Stud. § 1347 {abbrev}ז‎ is Armen. loan-word, see also LagM 1.c.; BN 219, Anm.); — absolute ׳זGenesis 8:11, construct זֵיתDeuteronomy 8:8; 2 Kings 18:32; suffix זֵיתְךָDeuteronomy 24:20, זֵיתֶ֑ךָExodus 23:11; Deuteronomy 28:40; plural זֵיתִים6:11, etc.; —

1 olive-tree Judges 9:8-9, (personified, in Jotham's fable), Hosea 14:7 (simile of beauty), Job 15:33 = (as casting off its flowers, simile of wicked man); in 2 Samuel 15:23 insert ׳הַזּ אֲשֶׁר‎ (before הַמִּדְבָּר‎, read ׳בַּמּ‎) ᵐ5L Dr; also plural of two olive-trees Zechariah 4:3, 11; ׳ז רַעֲנָן‎ Psalm 52:10 fresh, (thriving) olive-tree (simile of prosperity), so Jeremiah 11:16; ׳עֲלֶהזֿGenesis 8:11(J) olive-branch, sprig, compare Nehemiah 8:15 (here + עֵץשֶֿׁמֶן עֲלֵי‎, etc.); also plural זֵיתִים שְׁתִלֵיPsalm 128:3 olive-shoots (simile of children); זֵיתִים שִׁבֲּלֵיZechariah 4:12 olive-branches (in Zechariah's vision); זַיִת‎ in representative or collective sense, = olive-trees, groups of growing olive-trees, as property, source of wealth, olive-yards Exodus 23:11 (J E; + כֶּרֶם‎), Judges 15:5 (+ id.); עֵץהַֿזַּיִתHaggai 2:19 (+ וְהָרִמּוֺן וְהַתְּאֵנָה הַגֶּפֶן‎); also in phrase מַעֲשֵׂהזַֿיִת כִּחֵשׁHabakkuk 3:17 the bearing, yield, of olive-trees ("" אֹכֶל לֹאעָֿשָׂה וּשְׁדֵמוֺר‎, compare also תְּאֵנָה‎ and גֶּפֶן יְבוּל‎ va); specifically שֶׁמֶן זֵית‎, oil-yielding olive-trees Deuteronomy 8:8 compare 2 Kings 18:32; ז ׳נֹקֶףstriking or beating of olive-trees Isaiah 17:6; 24:13 (simile of desolation at judgment of ׳י‎), compare זֵיתְךָ ׳כִּ תַחְבֹּטDeuteronomy 24:20; rather more often plural; Amos 4:9 ("" תְּאֵנִים כְּרָמִים, גַּנּוֺת,‎), 1 Samuel 8:14 ("" כְּרָמִים שָׂדוֺת,‎), compare also Deuteronomy 6:11; 28:40a Joshua 24:13; 2 Kings 5:26; 1 Chronicles 27:28; Nehemiah 5:11; 9:25.

2 of fruit of olive-tree, olives: Deuteronomy 28:40b (with שֶׁמֶן‎); זַיִת תִּדְרֹךְMicah 6:15 ("" שֶׁמֶן‎); also זַיִת שֶׁמֶןolive-oil Exodus 27:20; 30:24 (P) Leviticus 24:2 (H).

3 in designations of place: הַזֵּיתִים מַעֲלֵה2 Samuel 15:30 the ascent of the olive-trees (ᵐ5ἐν τῇ ἀναβάσει τῶν ἐλαιῶν = Mount of Olives); הַרהַֿזֵּיתִיםZechariah 14:4 (twice in verse) (ᵐ5τὸ ὄρος τῶν ἐλαιῶν); the well-known hill east of Jerusalem (NT usually as 14:4 ᵐ5‎, e.g. Mark 13:3; compare also הָהָר1 Kings 11:7; Ezekiel 11:33; Nehemiah 8:15; זֵיתַיָּא טזּר ᵑ72 Kings 23:13 compare 2 Samuel 15:30; Zechariah 14:4 etc.; ᵑ7Song of Solomon 8:5 מִשְׁחָא טוּר‎, and so Talmud etc.)