Word Summary
chatsab or chatseb: to hew, hew out, cleave
Original Word: חָצַב
Transliteration: chatsab or chatseb
Phonetic Spelling: (khaw-tsab')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to hew, hew out, cleave
Meaning: to cut, carve, to hew, split, square, quarry, engrave
Strong's Concordance
cut, dig, divide, grave, hew out made, mason

Or chatseb {khaw-tsabe'}; a primitive root; to cut or carve (wood), stone or other material); by implication, to hew, split, square, quarry, engrave -- cut, dig, divide, grave, hew (out, -er), made, mason.


H2672. chatsab

or chatseb [חָצַב‎] חָצֵבverb hew, hew out, cleave (Late Hebrew id., Aramaic חֲצַב‎; SI4. 6 participle plural החצבם‎; compare Phoenician מחצב‎ = Hebrew id.) —

Qal Perfect חָצֵבIsaiah 5:2; חָֽצְבָהProverbs 9:1; חָצַבְתִּיHosea 6:5, etc.; Imperfect וַיַּחְצֹב2 Chronicles 26:10; 2 masculine singular תַּחְצֹבDeuteronomy 8:9; Infinitive construct לַחְצֹבJeremiah 2:13; לַחְצוֺב1 Chronicles 22:2; Participle active חֹצֵבIsaiah 10:15 4t.; construct חֹצְבִי22:16; חֹצְבִים1 Chronicles 22:2-3t.; חֹצְבֵי2 Kings 12:13; passive חֲצוּבִיםDeuteronomy 6:11; Nehemiah 9:25; —

1 hew out, (dig), wine-vat יֶקֶבIsaiah 5:2; sepulchre (קֶבֶר‎) 22:16 (twice in verse); cisterns בֹּרוֺתDeuteronomy 6:11 (twice in verse); 2 Chronicles 26:10; Nehemiah 9:25, compare Jeremiah 2:13; of mining תַּת ׳מהרריה נחשׁתDeuteronomy 8:9 out of its mountains thou mayst hew out copper.

2. a. hew stone 1 Chronicles 22:2; metaphor of pillars Proverbs 9:1 (subject wisdom); elsewhere participle, hewer of stone 2 Kings 12:13; 1 Chronicles 22:2, 15 (see SI4.6above); probably 1 Kings 5:29; 2 Chronicles 2:1; 2:17 (בָּהָר׳ח‎ see Be), compare 24:12; Ezra 3:7.

b. apparently hew wood Isaiah 10:15 ׳ח בוֺ‎ (i.e. בְּגַרְזֶן‎).

3 metaph. hew in pieces Hosea 6:5 figurative of ׳י‎ attacking people by agency of prophets ("" הֲרַגְתִּים‎); divide, cleave subject ׳י‎s voice Psalm 29:7 object אשׁ להבות‎, i.e. the thunder of his voice sends forked lightnings (but on text compare Che and critical note)

Niph`al Imperfect יֵחָצְבוּןbe cut, hewn, graven (words on rock) Job 19:24.

Pu`al Perfect חֻצַּבְתֶּםIsaiah 51:1 figurative, hewn out of rock (of Israel's origin; "" נֻקַּר‎).

Hiph`il Participle מַחֲצֶ֫בֶתIsaiah 51:9 hew in pieces = Qal 3, figurative of destroying רהב‎ = Egypt (compare Psalm 89:11).