Word Summary
chaqaq: to cut in, inscribe, decree
Original Word: חָקַק
Transliteration: chaqaq
Phonetic Spelling: (khaw-kak')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to cut in, inscribe, decree
Meaning: to hack, engrave, to enact, prescribe
Strong's Concordance
appoint, decree, governor, grave, lawgiver, note, portray, print,

A primitive root; properly, to hack, i.e. Engrave (Judges 5:14, to be a scribe simply); by implication, to enact (laws being cut in stone or metal tablets in primitive times) or (gen.) Prescribe -- appoint, decree, governor, grave, lawgiver, note, pourtray, print, set.


H2710. chaqaq

[חָקַק‎] verb cut in, inscribe, decree (Late Hebrew id., Aramaic חֲקַק‎, Zinjirli חקק‎; Phoenician id. Participle Hiph`il; Arabic be just, right, obligatory, also make or decide to be just, etc.; justness, truth, necessity, obligation; Ethiopic adjective moderate, sufficient; compare also חקה‎) —

Qal וְחַקּוֺתָ֫Ezekiel 4:1; suffix חַקֹּתִיךְIsaiah 49:16; Infinitive suffix בְּחֻקּוֺProverbs 8:27; בְּחוּקוֺ8:29 (assimilated to בְּשׂוּמוֺ‎); חֻקָּהּIsaiah 30:8; Participle חֹקְקִי22:16 (archaic case ending Ges§ 90. 3 a); plural חֹקְקִים10:1; construct חוֺקְקֵיJudges 5:9 (possibly Po`el = מחוקקי‎ with מְ‎ omitted, see Ges§ 52 (2), note 6); Participle Pass. plural חֲקֻקִֿיםEzekiel 23:14 (Co חקוקים‎); —

1 cut in, with בְּ‎, Isaiah 22:16, of a dwelling-place = tomb, in a rock.

2 cut in or on, upon, engrave, inscribe, with על‎ on roll of a book Isaiah 30:8; representation of city on brick (as in Babylonia) Ezekiel 4:1; images on a wall 23:14; figurative of Zion's walls on palms of ׳יIsaiah 49:16.

3 trace, mark out, a circle, with על‎ over the face of deep Proverbs 8:27; with accusative, foundations of earth 8:29.

4 of a law, engrave, inscribe (on a tablet), figurative for enact, decree און חקקי חקקיםIsaiah 10:1 ("" עמל כתב‎); ישׂראל חוֺקקֵי‎ poetic = commanders (see Po`el) Judges 5:9 ("" מחקקים5:14).

Po`el Imperfect יְחוֺקְקוּProverbs 8:15; Participle מְחֹקֵקGenesis 49:10; Numbers 21:18; Deuteronomy 33:21; suffix מְחֹקְקִיPsalm 60:9; 108:9; מְחֹקְקֵנוּIsaiah 33:22; plural מְחֹקְקִיםJudges 5:14; — inscribe (as a law), enact (poetry): with accusative צֶדֶקProverbs 8:15 elsewhere participle

a. prescriber of laws, hence (as sovereign authority in a warlike clan) commander Deuteronomy 33:21 (of warlike tribe of Gad), Judges 5:14; Isaiah 33:22 (of ׳י‎; "" מַלְכֵּנוּ שֹׁפְטֵנוּ,‎).

b. commander's staff Genesis 49:10 ("" שֵׁבֶט‎), Numbers 21:18 (both poetry), Psalm 60:9 = 108:9.

Pu`al Participle מְחֻקָּקthat which is decreed Proverbs 31:5 (late).

Hoph`al Imperfect יֻחָ֑קֿוּJob 19:23 inscribed in (בְּ‎) a book.