Word Summary
charad: to tremble, be terrified
Original Word: חָרַד
Transliteration: charad
Phonetic Spelling: (khaw-rad')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to tremble, be terrified
Meaning: to shudder with terror, to fear, to hasten
Strong's Concordance
be make afraid, be careful, discomfit, fray away, quake, tremble

A primitive root; to shudder with terror; hence, to fear; also to hasten (with anxiety) -- be (make) afraid, be careful, discomfit, fray (away), quake, tremble.


H2729. charad

חָרַדverb tremble, be terrified (Assyrian —arâdu, id., according to DlHA 20, Pr 46; Arabic be bashful, shamefaced; Late Hebrew חֲרָדָהa trembling) —

Qal Perfect וְחָרַד‎ consecutive Isaiah 19:16, חָֽרְדָה10:29, חָרַדְתְּ2 Kings 4:13, חָרְדוּ1 Samuel 13:7; 14:15, וְחָֽרְדוּ‎ consecutive Ezekiel 26:16; 32:10; Imperfect יֶחֱרַדJob 37:1, וַיֶּחֱרַדGenesis 27:33 5t.; יֶחְרְדוּHosea 11:10; Ezekiel 26:18, יֶחֶרְדוּHosea 11:11, יֶחֱרָ֑דוּAmos 3:6; Isaiah 41:6, וַיֶּחֶרְדוּGenesis 42:28 2t.; Imperative חִרְדוּIsaiah 32:11; —

1 tremble, quake, of a mountain Exodus 19:18 — so HCT, but read ᵐ5 חָעָם,‎ see Di (E); of isles Ezekiel 26:18 (metaphor, in fear); so Isaiah 41:5 (הארץ קְצוֺת‎, "" יראו אִיִּים‎).

2 tremble, of persons under supernatural influence 1 Samuel 14:15 ("" הָאָרָץ וַתִּרְגַּז חֲרָדֶה,‎); start, start up (out of sleep) Ruth 3:8; in mental disturbance Genesis 27:33 (J; with accusative of congnate meaning with verb) tremble, in terror Exodus 19:16 (E), Isaiah 32:11 ("" רגז‎), be startled (at sound of trumpet) Amos 3:6 compare 1 Kings 1:49 (+ ירא הלך, קום,‎); tremble Ezekiel 26:16; 32:10 followed by לְ‎ = at, Job 37:1 (לִבִּי‎), be terrified, of Egypt (personified) Isaiah 19:16 ("" מָּחַד‎), Ramah 10:29, of Saul 1 Samuel 28:5 subject לִבּוֺ‎, "" ירא‎).

3 be anxiously careful הַזּאֹת הַחֲרָדָה אתכֿל אֵלֵנוּ חָרַדְתְּ2 Kings 4:13.

4 with prepositions pregnantly = go or come trembling 1 Samuel 13:7 (followed by ᵐ5 מֵאחריוL We Dr) Genesis 42:28 (E; followed by אֶלֿ‎) 1 Samuel 16:4 (followed by לִקְרָאתוֺ‎) so 21:2, Hosea 11:10 (מִיָּם‎) 11:11 (מִמִּצְרַיִם‎).

Hiph`il Perfect הֶחֱרִידJudges 8:12, וְּהַחֲרַדְתִּ֫י2 Samuel 17:2; Participle מַחֲרִידLeviticus 6:26 11t.; Infinitive construct הַחֲרִידEzekiel 30:9; Zechariah 2:4; — drive in terror, rout an army, followed by accusative Judges 8:12; Ezekiel 30:9; Zechariah 2:4 compare 2 Samuel 17:2; (We proposes החרידוHosea 5:8 'setzt Benjamin in Schrecken,' for אַחֲרֶיךָ ᵑ0‎); in Participle absolute, only in מ ׳וְאֵין‎; and none shall terrify, i.e. disturb the peace of those reposing — שׁכב‎,לָבֶטַחִ ישׁב ישׁב, רבץ, שׁקט,‎ — in the promised land Leviticus 26:6, so after captivity Jeremiah 30:10 = 46:27, also Ezekiel 34:28; 39:26; Micah 4:4; Zephaniah 3:13; of undisturbed peace of the righteous Job 11:19; peace of flocks in forsaken cities Isaiah 17:2; undisturbed feeding on carrion by fowl and beast Deuteronomy 28:26; Jeremiah 7:33, undisturbed prowling of lions Nahum 2:12 (metaphor of Assyrians).