Word Summary
chashak: to be or grow dark
Original Word: חָשַׁךְ
Transliteration: chashak
Phonetic Spelling: (khaw-shak')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to be or grow dark
Meaning: to be dark, to darken
Strong's Concordance
be black, be make dark, darken, cause darkness, be dim, hide

A primitive root; to be dark (as withholding light); transitively, to darken -- be black, be (make) dark, darken, cause darkness, be dim, hide.


H2821. chashak

חָשַׁךְverb be, grow dark (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic חֲשַׁךְ‎, ; Arabic bear rancour, see LagBN 30) —

Qal Perfect ׳חIsaiah 5:30 4t.; וְחָֽשְׁכָה‎ consecutive Micah 3:6 (but see below); חָֽשְׁכוּLamentations 5:17; וְחָֽשְׁכוּ‎ consecutive Ecclesiastes 12:3; Imperfect3feminine singular תֶּחְשַׁךְ12:2; וַתֶּחְשַׁךְExodus 10:15; 3masculine plural יֶחְשְׁכוּJob 3:9; 3feminine plural תֶּחְשַׁכְנָהPsalm 69:24; —

1 be, grow dark, אוֺרIsaiah 5:30, compare (figurative) Job 18:6; הַשֶּׁמֶשׁIsaiah 13:10 (figurative); היוםEzekiel 30:18 (where read חשׁך‎, for ᵑ0‎ Baer חשׂך‎); Job 3:9 (subject כוכבים‎), compare Ecclesiastes 12:2 (subject הכוכבים הירח, האור, השׁמשׁ,‎); impersonal Micah 3:6; (si vera 1.; but read probably וַחֲשֵׁכָה‎, corresponding with לַיְלָה‎ preceding).

2 have a dark colour: תָּֽאֳרָם ׳ח מִשְּׁחוֺרLamentations 4:8 darker than blackness is their visage; of the earth הָאֶרֶץExodus 10:15.

3 grow dim Lamentations 5:17 (subject עינינו‎), compare Psalm 69:24 (figurative), Ecclesiastes 12:3 subject הָראֹוֺת‎ i.e. the eyes.

Hiph`il Perfect הֶחְשִׁיךְAmos 5:8, וְהַחֲשַׁכְתִּ֫י8:9; Imperfect יַחֲשִׁיךְPsalm 139:12; יַחְשִׁךְJeremiah 13:16;וַיַּחְשִׁךְPsalm 105:28; Participle מַחְשִׁיךְJob 38:2; —

1 make dark, הח לילה ׳יוםAmos 5:8; absolute cause darkness Jeremiah 13:16; Psalm 105:28, compare Amos 8:9 (לארץ‎).

2 = hide, conceal, followed by מִמֶּךָּPsalm 139:12.

3 figurative obscure, confuse Job 38:2 (object עֵצָה‎).