Word Summary
luwn: to lodge, pass the night, abide
Original Word: לוּן
Transliteration: luwn
Phonetic Spelling: (loon)
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to lodge, pass the night, abide
Meaning: to stop, to stay permanently, to be obstinate
Strong's Concordance
abide all night, continue, dwell, endure, grudge, be left, lie all night

Or liyn {leen}; a primitive root; to stop (usually over night); by implication, to stay permanently; hence (in a bad sense) to be obstinate (especially in words, to complain) -- abide (all night), continue, dwell, endure, grudge, be left, lie all night, (cause to) lodge (all night, in, -ing, this night), (make to) murmur, remain, tarry (all night, that night).


H3885. luwn

I. לִין לוּן,verb lodge, pass the night, figurative abide (Late Hebrew לִינָה‎ noun lodging, spending the night; compare NöZMG xxxvii (1883), 535 ff.; according to Thes kindred with לַיְלָה‎ (q. v. infra), with change of ל‎ and ן‎) —

Qal Perfect לָןGenesis 32:22; 2 Samuel 12:16; 3feminine singular וְ֫לָנֶה‎ consecutive (before monosyl.) Zechariah 5:4; 1plural וְלַנּוּ‎ consecutive Judges 19:13 (see Ges§ 73. R. 1 Köi. 508); Imperfect יָלִיןExodus 23:18 13t. + 2 Samuel 17:8, but compare

Hiph`il; וַיָּ֫לֶןGenesis 28:11 4t.; 3 feminine singular תָּלִיןLeviticus 19:13 4t.; תָּלַ֫ןJob 17:2 (see Köi. 509); 2 masculine singular jussive אַלתָּֿ֫לֶן2 Samuel 17:16; תַָּל֑ןJudges 19:20 (see Köi.c.), etc.; Imperative לִין9:6, 19, etc.; Infinitive construct לָלוּןGenesis 24:25 5t.; לָלִין24:23; Participle plural לֵנִיםNehemiah 13:21; —

1 lodge, pass the night:

a. literally, human subject, often with preposition or adverb of place, Genesis 19:2; 28:11; Judges 19:13, 15; 2 Samuel 17:16; Job 24:7 + often (on 2 Samuel 17:8 see Hiph`il); with ה‎ locative, אַ֫רְצָה וְשָׁכַב וְלָן12:16; with ב‎ location + ב‎ temporal הַהוּא בַּלַּיְלָהGenesis 32:14; 32:22; Joshua 8:9; with הַלַּיְלָה‎ (accusative temporal), Numbers 22:8; Joshua 4:3; 2 Samuel 17:16; 19:8; Ruth 3:13; of the wicked Psalm 59:16, according to Hup De Pe and others; < from II.ᵑ9 ᵐ5 לון‎ Aq Che Bae and others, compare AV; simile of temporary sojourn Jeremiah 14:8 (of ׳י‎ in Israel)

b. of animals : wild ox (רְאֵם‎) Job 39:9 (followed by עַלאֲֿבוּסֶ֑ךָ‎ ), porcupine (קִמֹּד‎) Zephaniah 2:14.

c. inanimate subject = remain all night : of fat of sacrifice Exodus 23:18 (E; followed by עַדבֹּֿקֶר‎), passover meal 34:25 (P; followed by לַבֹּקֶר‎), Deuteronomy 16:4 (followed by לַבֹּקֶר‎; all these without local designation), wages of hireling Leviticus 19:13 (H; אֶת‎ = with + עַדבֹּֿקֶר‎); of dead body Deuteronomy 21:23 (עַל‎ location); dew Job 29:19 (ב‎ location); bunch of myrrh Song of Solomon 1:13 בֵּין‎ location)

d. figurative בָּעֶרֶב בֶּ֑כִי יָלִיןPsalm 30:6 at evening weeping may come to lodge (opposed to רִנָּה וְלַבֹּקֶר‎).

2 figurative abide, remain, subject עַיִן‎ ( = look upon), with בJob 17:2; of error, 19:4 (with preposition אֵת‎ person), strength 41:14 (of crocodile; with ב‎); of righteousness, Isaiah 1:21 (with ב‎); בְטוֺב נַפְשׁוֺ תָּלִיןPsalm 25:13; of hearkening ear Proverbs 15:31, with בְּקֶרֶב‎; of thoughts Jeremiah 4:14, with id.; absolute, of man, continue, endure, Psalm 49:13, יָלִין שָׂבֵעַProverbs 19:23 he shall continue satisfied.

Hiph`il Imperfect יָלִיןcause to rest, lodge, followed by accusative, 2 Samuel 17:8 see Köi. 509.

Hithpalpel Imperfect יִתְלֹנָ֑ןJob 39:28 dwell, abide, of eagle; figurative שַׁדַּי בְּצֵל יִתְלוֺנָ֑ןPsalm 91:1 of one trusting in ׳י‎.

II. [לוּן‎] verb murmur, only Exodus 15, 16, 17; Numbers 14, 16, 17; and Joshua 9:18 (‎ always defective, hence NöZMG xxxvii.1883, 535n. thinks possibly לנן‎ [compare רנן‎ ?]; from limited occurrence, he supposes it disappeared early; but found chiefly in P); —

Niph`al Imperfect3masculine plural וַיִּלּוֺ֫נוּExodus 15:24 3t. + 16:2 Qr (Kt וילינו‎) + Numbers 14:36 Kt (Qr וַיַּלִּי֫נוּ‎,

Hiph`il); 2 masculine plural תִּלּוֺ֫נוּExodus 16:7; Numbers 16:11, both Kt (Qr תַּלִּי֫נוּ‎); on forms see Ges§ 72 Anm. 8 Köi. 509; — murmur against, followed by עַלExodus 15:24 (JE), 16:2, 7; Numbers 14:2; 16:11; 17:6; Joshua 9:18 (all P; all of people Israel); absolute Psalm 59:16 (see I.לון‎1a).

Hiph`il Perfect2masculine plural הֲלִינֹתֶםNumbers 14:29; Imperfect וַיָּ֫לֶןExodus 17:3; וַיַּלִּי֫נוּ16:2 Kt, Numbers 14:36 Qr; 2 masculine plural תַּלִּי֫נוּExodus 16:7 Qr, Numbers 16:11 Qr (on all see above); Participle plural מַלִּינִיםExodus 16:8 3t.; — murmur = Niph`al, followed by על17:3 (E), elsewhere P: 16:8; Numbers 14:27 (twice in verse); 14:29; Numbers 17:20; cause to murmur, followed by accusative + עַל14:36 Qr; (compare also above Niph`al)