Word Summary
mas or mis: body of forced laborers, forced service, taskworkers, taskwork, serfdom
Original Word: מַס
Transliteration: mas or mis
Phonetic Spelling: (mas)
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Short Definition: body of forced laborers, forced service, taskworkers, taskwork, serfdom
Meaning: body of forced laborers, forced service, taskworkers, taskwork, serfdom
Strong's Concordance
discomfited, levy, taskmaster, tributary

Or mic {mees}; from macac; properly, a burden (as causing to faint), i.e. A tax in the form of forced labor -- discomfited, levy, task(-master), tribute(-tary).

see HEBREW macac


H4522. mas

or mis I. מַסnoun masculine1Ki 5:27 usually

collective body of forced labourers, task-workers, labour-band or gang, also (late) forced service, task-work, serfdom ( מִסָּא ᵑ7‎, especially in phrase מִיסִּין מַסְּקֵי‎ (implying late and [for Biblical Hebrew] false sense 'tribute,' so Late Hebrew מָסִּים מַעֲלֵי‎; √ unknown, probably loan-word; follows analogue of ע׳׳ע‎); — absolute ׳מ‎ 1 Kings 5:27 +; לָמַ֑סJoshua 17:13 +; הַמַּ֑ס2 Samuel 20:24 +; plural מִסִּיםExodus 1:11; —

1 labour-band, labour-gang, body of task-workers for public service, formed by levy upon the people by Solomon מִכָּליִֿשְׂרָאֵל מַס שׁלֹמֹה הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיַּ֫עַל‎ 1 Kings 5:27, amounting to 30, 000 men v.1 Kings 5:27; ׳הַמּ הֶעֱלָה אֲשֶׁר1 Kings 9:15; עֹבֵד לְמַס שׁ ׳וַיַּעֲלֵם9:21 and Solomon levied them for a toiling labour-band (compare Genesis 49:15; Joshua 16:10) = שׁ וַיַּעֲלֵם ׳לְמַס2 Chronicles 8:8; apparently instituted, earlier, by David, compare עַלהַֿמַּ֑ס וַאֲדֹרָם2 Samuel 20:24, i.e. had charge of the body of labourers, so 1 Kings 4:6; 1 Kings 5:28; 12:18 2 Chronicles 10:18.

2. a. of labour-bands, slave-gangs of Israel in Egypt, only מִסִּים שָׂרֵיExodus 1:11 (J) gang-overseers.

b. of conquered populations, subject to forced labour: וַעֲבָדוּךָ לָמַס לְךָ יִהְיוּDeuteronomy 20:11 compare Judges 1:30, 33, 35 (see GFM), Isaiah 31:8; Lamentations 1:1; so עֹבֵד לְמַס ויהיJoshua 16:10 (compare Genesis 49:15; 1 Kings 9:21); לָמַ֑ס אֶתהַֿכְּנַעֲנִי וַיִתְּנוּJoshua 17:13, compare (וגו ׳וַיָּ֫שֶׂם‎) Judges 1:28.

3 in General: לְמַסעֹֿבֵד וַיְהִיGenesis 49:15 and he (Issachar) became a slaving labour-band (poem in J; compare Joshua 16:10; 1 Kings 9:21); compare לָמַ֑ס תִּהְיֶה רְמִיָּהProverbs 12:24 (here apparently of individual)

4 forced service, serfdom (or possibly (in late passage) tribute = enforced payment, compare Late Hebrew, ᵑ7‎, see above), only of Ahasuerus: וגו עַלהָֿאָרֶץ מַס הַמֶּלֶךְ ׳וַיָּשֶׂםEsther 10:1.

II. מַס‎ see מסס‎. מֵסֵב מֵסַב,‎ see סבב‎.

מִסְגֶּ֫רֶת מַסְגֵּר,‎ see סגר‎.

מַסַּד‎ see יסד‎. [מִסְדְּרוֺן‎] see סדר