Word Summary
maat: to be or become small, diminished, or few
Original Word: מָעַט
Transliteration: maat
Phonetic Spelling: (maw-at')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to be or become small, diminished, or few
Meaning: to pare off, lessen, in, to be, small, few
Strong's Concordance
suffer to decrease, diminish, borrow, give

A primitive root; properly, to pare off, i.e. Lessen; intransitively, to be (or causatively, to make) small or few (or figuratively, ineffective) -- suffer to decrease, diminish, (be, X borrow a, give, make) few (in number, -ness), gather least (little), be (seem) little, (X give the) less, be minished, bring to nothing.


H4591. maat

[מָעַט‎] verb be or become small, diminished, few (Late Hebrew, Talmud, id.; Arabic is to be without hair on the body) —

Qal Imperfect יִמְעַטExodus 12:4, 2masculine plural תִּמְעָ֑טוּJeremiah 29:6, 3masculine plural יִמְעָ֑טוּIsaiah 21:17 +, וַיִּמְעֲטוּPsalm 107:39; Infinitive מְעֹטLeviticus 25:16; — Exodus 12:4 מִשֶּׂה מִהְיוֺת הַבַּיִת אִסיִֿמְעַט‎ if the house be too small for a lamb; Nehemiah 9:32 כָּלהַֿתְּלָאָה אֵת לְפָנֶיךָ אַליִֿמְעַט‎ (compare Ges§ 117l); of a people, Jeremiah 29:6 וְאַלתִּֿמְעָ֑טוּ שָׁם וּרְבוּ‎ and become not few, 30:19 יִמְעָ֔טוּ וְלֹא וְהִרְבִּתִים‎, Isaiah 21:17; Psalm 107:39; Proverbs 13:11 יִמְעָ֑ט מֵהֶבֶל הוֺןdiminishes (opposed to יַרְבֶּה‎); Leviticus 25:16 הַשָּׁנִים מְעֹט וּלְפִי‎ according to the fewness of the years.

Pi`el become few (Ges§ 52k), Perfect3plural Ecclesiastes 12:3 מִעֵ֔טוּ כִּי הַטֹּחֲנוֺת וּבָֽטְלוּ‎.

Hiph`il Perfect3feminine singular consecutive וְהִמְעִ֫יטָה‎ (Ges§ 49k), Leviticus 26:22, 1singular with suffix וְהִמְעַטְתִּיםEzekiel 29:15; Imperfect2masculine singular תַּמְעִיטLeviticus 25:16, תַּמְעִטֵ֫נִי‎ Jeremiah 10:34, 2feminine singular תַּמְעִ֫יטִי2 Kings 4:3, etc.; — make small or few, diminish:

a. Leviticus 26:22 (of the sword) אֶתְכֶם וְהִמְעִ֫יטָה‎, Ezekiel 29:15 וְהִמְעַטְתִּים‎, Jeremiah 10:24 תַּמְעִטֵנִי מֶּןֿ אַלבְּֿאַמְּךָ‎ lest thou make me (the people) small, Psalm 107:38 יַמְעִיט לֹא וּבְהֶמְתָּם‎; Leviticus 25:16 מִקְנָתוֺ תַּמְעִיט הַשָּׁנִים מְעֹט וּלְפִי‎ according to the smallness (fewness) of the years, thou shalt make small its price, Numbers 26:54 נַחֲלָתוֺ תַּמְעִיט וְלַמְעַט נַחֲלָתוֺ תַּרְבֶּה לָרַב‎ and to the small (few) thou shalt make small his inheritance (so 33:54).

b. qualifying an action (sometimes to be understood from the context), Exodus 16:17 וְהַמַּמְעִיט הַמַּרְבֶּה וַיִּלְקְטוּ‎ and they gathered, he that made much, and he that made little (that is לִלְקֹט‎), 16:18; Numbers 11:32 אסף הממעיט חמרים עשׂרה‎, 2 Kings 4:3 אַלתַּֿמְעִיטִי רֵקִים כֵּלִים‎ empty vessels make not few (that is, in borrowing); Exodus 30:15 וגו ׳לָתֵת הַשָּׁ֑קֶל מִמַּחֲצִית יַמְעִיט לֹא וְהַדַּל יַרְבֶּה לֹא הֶעָשִׁירshall not diminish from the half shekel to give, i.e. shall not give less, Numbers 35:8 תַּמְעִיטוּ הַמְעַט וּמֵאֵת תַּרְבּוּ הָרַב מֵאֵת‎ and from the few ye shall make few (that is לָתֵת‎), i.e. ye shall give few (cities).