Word Summary
nachal: to get or take as a possession
Original Word: נָחַל
Transliteration: nachal
Phonetic Spelling: (naw-khal')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to get or take as a possession
Meaning: to inherit, to occupy, to bequeath, distribute, instate
Strong's Concordance
divide, have inheritance, take as a heritage, cause to, give to, make to inherit, distribute for

A primitive root; to inherit (as a (figurative) mode of descent), or (generally) to occupy; causatively, to bequeath, or (generally) distribute, instate -- divide, have ((inheritance)), take as a heritage, (cause to, give to, make to) inherit, (distribute for, divide (for, for an, by), give for, have, leave for, take (for)) inheritance, (have in, cause to, be made to) possess(-ion).


H5157. nachal

נָחַלverb denominative get or take as a possession (compare Gerber236ff.; Ecclus נחל‎ Ecclesiasticus 45:22b +; Late Hebrew id. (rare)); —

Qal Perfect ׳נ‎ Zechariah 2:16; 2masculine singular נָחַלְתָּExodus 23:20 8t. Perfect; Imperfect3masculine singular יִנְחַלְIsaiah 57:13; 3masculine plural יִנְחֲלוּNumbers 18:23 5t.; יִנְחָ֑לוּ26:55 2t.; + 8 t. Imperfect; Infinitive נְחֹל34:18; Joshua 19:49; —

1 take possession, inherit:

a. land of Canaan, Exodus 23:30 (E), 32:13 (J), Isaiah 57:13; Ezekiel 47:14; Zoin and Judah Psalm 69:37.

b. special sections in the land, of tribes and individuals, נחלה נחלJoshua 17:6 (J); נ אשׁר ׳נחלהDeuteronomy 19:14 (D), Numbers 35:8 (P), compare Joshua 14:1 (P); without accusative, have or get a (landed) property, Numbers 18:20, 23, 24; 26:55; 32:19; Joshua 16:4; 19:9 (all P), Judges 11:3.

c. land of Moab and Ammon by conquest Zephaniah 2:9; landed property הנוים בכלPsalm 82:8.

d. God takes possession of Israel as his private property Exodus 34:9 (J); Judah Zechariah 2:16.

2 figurative have or get as a possession, property: testimonies Psalm 119:111, glory Proverbs 3:35, good things 28:10, lies Jeremiah 16:19, wind Proverbs 11:29, simplicity 14:18.

3 divide the land for a possession, Numbers 34:17-18, Joshua 19:49 (all P; incorrect pointing for Piel, so SS).

Pi`el divide for a possession: Perfect3masculine singular נִחַלJoshua 13:32; 3plural נִחֲלוּ14:1; 19:51; Infinitive נַחֵלNumbers 34:29 (all P); also 34:17-18, Joshua 19:49 (see Qal 3).

Hithpa`el Perfect3plural suffix הִתְנַחֲלוּםIsaiah 24:2; 2masculine plural הִתְנַחַלְתֶּםLeviticus 25:46; Numbers 33:54; Imperfect תִּתְנַחֲלוּ34:13; Ezekiel 47:13; תִּתְנֶחָ֑לוּNumbers 33:54; Infinitive הִתְנַחֵל32:18; possess oneself of land (accusative), 33:54; 34:13(P) Ezekiel 47:13; נחלהNumbers 32:18 (P); slaves Leviticus 25:46 (P) Isaiah 14:2; absolute, reference to land Numbers 33:54 (P); all with לְ‎ person (for whose benefit), except 32:18; 34:13; Isaiah 14:2.

Hiph`il Perfect1singular הִנְחַ֫לְתִּיJeremiah 3:18 3t. Perfect; Imperfect3masculine singular יַנְחִילDeuteronomy 3:28; יַנְחִלEzekiel 46:18; 2masculine singular suffix תַּנְחִילֶנָּהDeuteronomy 31:7 5t. Imperfect; Infinitive construct הַנְחִילIsaiah 49:8; Proverbs 8:21; בְּהַנְחֵלDeuteronomy 32:8 (on form compare Ew§ 238 di. 315 Ges§ 53k; read בְּהַנְחִל‎?); suffix הַנְחִילוֺ21:16; Participle מַנְחִיל12:10; —

1 give as a possession:

a. land of Canaan (given by ׳י‎ or his servants), accusative of person and thing, Deuteronomy 1:38; 3:28; 12:10; 19:3; 31:7; Joshua 1:6 (all D), Jeremiah 3:18; 12:14.

b. various things, accusative of person and thing, especially blessings, Zechariah 8:12; 1 Samuel 2:8; Proverbs 8:21; accusative of thing Isaiah 49:8; accusative of person Deuteronomy 32:8.

2 cause to inherit, give as an inheritance, with accusative of person and thing, Deuteronomy 21:16; accusative of person + מן‎ thing, Ezekiel 46:18; accusative of person Proverbs 13:22; ל‎ person 1 Chronicles 28:8.

Hoph`al Perfect1singular הָנְחַלְתּיJob 7:3 made to possess, with accusative of thing, e.g. months of vanity.