Word Summary
nakar: to regard, recognize
Original Word: נָכַר
Transliteration: nakar
Phonetic Spelling: (naw-kar')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to regard, recognize
Meaning: to regard, recognize
Strong's Concordance
acknowledge, could, deliver, discern, dissemble, estrange, feign self to be another

A primitive root; properly, to scrutinize, i.e. Look intently at; hence (with recognition implied), to acknowledge, be acquainted with, care for, respect, revere, or (with suspicion implied), to disregard, ignore, be strange toward, reject, resign, dissimulate (as if ignorant or disowning) -- acknowledge, X could, deliver, discern, dissemble, estrange, feign self to be another, know, take knowledge (notice), perceive, regard, (have) respect, behave (make) self strange(-ly).


H5234. nakar

I. [נָכַר‎] verb (not

Qal) regard, recognize (Late Hebrew Hiph`il know, be acquainted with; ᵑ7‎ Aph`el id.; Syriac Aph`el id.; compare also Arabic in sense be shrewd, cunning); **Arabic be shrewd, apparently rare, compare cunning Lane2850a. —

Niph`al Perfect3masculine plural נִכְּרוּ לֹאLamentations 4:8 they are not recognized.

Pi`el Perfect לִפְנֵידָֿ֑ל שׁוֺע נִכַּר לֹאJob 34:19 he regardeth not the opulent above the poor ("" שָׂרִים מְּנֵי לֹאנָֿשָׂא‎); Imperfect תְנַכֵּ֑רוּ לֹא21:29 do ye not recognize their tokens.

Hiph`il Perfect הִכִּירDeuteronomy 33:9; Daniel 11:39 Kt; suffix הִכִּירוֺGenesis 27:23; 3plural הִכִּירוּJudges 18:3 2t., suffix הִכִּירֻהוּJob 2:12, הִכִּרֻהוּGenesis 42:8; Imperfect יַכִּירDeuteronomy 21:17 3t. + Daniel 11:39 Qr; וַיַּכֵּרGenesis 38:26 +; suffix וַיַּכִּרֵ֫הוּ1 Kings 18:7, יַכִּירֶ֫נּוּJob 7:10, וַיַּכִּירָהּGenesis 37:33, etc.; Imperative ַהכֶּרֿ31:32 2t.; Infinitive absolute הֵַכּרֿ‎ (Ginsb van d. H. ַהכֶּרֿ‎) Proverbs 24:23; 28:21; construct suffix הַכִּירֵנִיRuth 2:10; Participle מַכִּירPsalm 142:5, suffix מַכִּירֵךְRuth 2:19, etc.; —

1 regard, observe, especially with a view to recognition, with object clause, Genesis 31:32; 37:32; 38:25; pay attention to, with accusative of person Ruth 2:10, 19; accusative of thing (of God) Job 34:25; accusative of thing omitted 2 Samuel 3:36; ׳י‎ subject לְטוֺבָה ֗֗֗ אַכִּיר כֵּןJeremiah 24:5 so will I regard the exiles ... for good; Antiochus subject Daniel 11:39; מָּנִים הִכִּירpay regard to (shew partiality, = פ מְּנֵי ׳נָשָׂא‎) Deuteronomy 1:17; 16:19 ("" מִשְׁמָּט הִטָּה‎), Proverbs 24:23; 28:21.

2 Recognize (as formerly known) with accusative of person or thing, Genesis 27:23; 37:33; 38:26 (all J), 42:7-8, (twice in verse) (E), 1 Kings 18:7; 20:41; Job 2:12; proverb. אֶתרֵֿעֵהוּ אִישׁ יַכִּיר בְּטֶרֶםRuth 3:14 before a man could recognize his fellow (i.e. before dawn); recognize voice (קוֺל‎), Judges 18:3; 1 Samuel 26:17; = perceive the true situation, וְהִנֵּה וָאַכִּירָהNehemiah 6:12 and I perceived, and lo! God had not sent him.

3 Be willing to recognize, acknowledge Deuteronomy 21:17; 33:9; Isaiah 63:16 ("" יָדַע‎), Psalm 142:5; acknowledge with honour Isaiah 61:9.

4 Be acquainted with, מְקוֺמוֺ עוֺד יַכִּירֶנּוּ לֹאJob 7:10 his place shall be acquainted with him no more (he shall be gone and forgotten), compare Psalm 103:16; with accusative of thing Job 24:17.

5 Distinguish, understand, לְקוֺל ֗֗֗ קוֺל הִכִּירEzra 3:13 could not distinguish, etc.; compare Job 4:16 could not distinguish its appearance; לְדַבֵּר הִכִּירNehemiah 13:24 understand how to speak, etc.

Hithpa`el Imperfect יִתְנַכֶּרנָֿ֑עַרProverbs 20:11 by his deeds a youth maketh himself known, whether his doing be pure, etc.

[נכר‎] verbdenominative act or treat as foreign, or strange; disguise, misconstrue; —

Niph`al Imperfect יִנָּכֵרProverbs 26:24 with his lips a hater disguiseth himself (dissembles, speaks what is foreign to his thought).

Pi`el Perfect נִכַּר1 Samuel 23:7, but see below; Imperfect וַיְנַכְּרוּJeremiah 19:4 and they have treated this place as foreign (profane); צָרֵהוּ יְנַכְּרוּDeuteronomy 32:27 lest their adversaries should misconstrue (it). — א אֹתוֺ ׳נִכַּר בְּיָדִי1 Samuel 23:7 God hath alienated him into my hand, but improbable; מָכַר ᵐ5‎ (compare Judges 4:9) hath sold him, so Th Klo HPS (compare We); < סִכַּר‎ (as Isaiah 19:4) Krochm Dr; Kit either of these; > סִגַּר‎ Bu; Löhr either סִגַּר‎ or סִכַּר‎.

Hithpa`el Imperfect אֲלֵיהֶם וַיִּתְנַכֵּרGenesis 42:7 he acted as a stranger toward them; Participle feminine מִתְנַכֵּרָ֑ה1 Kings 14:5-6, feign to be a stranger-woman.