Word Summary
oreph: back of the neck, neck
Original Word: עֹרֶף
Transliteration: oreph
Phonetic Spelling: (o-ref')
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Short Definition: back of the neck, neck
Meaning: the nape, back of the neck, the back
Strong's Concordance

From araph; the nape or back of the neck (as declining); hence, the back generally (whether literal or figurative) -- back ((stiff-)neck((-ed).

see HEBREW araph


H6203. oreph

עֹ֫רֶףnoun masculineDeuteronomy 31:27 back of neck, neck; — ׳ע‎ absolute Joshua 7:12 +; construct Genesis 49:8 +; suffix עָרְמִּיJob 16:12, עָרְמְּךָDeuteronomy 31:27, etc.; —

1 back of neck of fleeing foe בְּע ׳יָָֽדְךָ ׳וגוGenesis 49:8 (poem in J), compare בְּעָרְמִּי וְאָחַזJob 16:12 (figurative); Exodus 23:27 (E), Psalm 18:41 = 2 Samuel 22:41; turn (מָּנָה הָפַח,‎) one's back before (לִפְנֵי‎) a foe Joshua 7:8, 12 (JE), absolute Jeremiah 48:39; figurative of apostasy ע ׳מָּנָה אֶל2:27; 32:33 (opposed to פָנִים מָּנָה‎) absolute ע ׳וַיִּתְּנּוּ2 Chronicles 29:6; of ׳י‎s disfavour ׳ע אֶרְאֵם פָנִים וְלֹאJeremiah 18:17 with the back and not the face will I look at them.

2 figurative in ׳קְשֵׁהעֿstiff of neck, i.e. obstinate, of Israel Exodus 32:8; 33:3, 5; 34:9 (all J E), Deuteronomy 9:6, 13; הַקָּשֶׁה עָרְמְּךָ31:27; with verb ע ׳הִקְשָׁה‎ i.e. be obstinate, intractable 10:16; Jeremiah 7:26; 17:23; 19:15; 2 Kings 17:14 (twice in verse); Nehemiah 9:16-17, 29; 2 Chronicles 30:8; compare ע בַּרְזֶל ׳גִּידIsaiah 48:4 ("" אָ֑תָּה קָשֶׁה‎); ע ׳הִקְשָׁה‎ of individual 2 Chronicles 36:13; Proverbs 29:1.

3 of bird: nip its head עָרְמּוֺ מִמּוּלLeviticus 5:8 (P).