Word Summary
shav: emptiness, vanity
Original Word: שָׁוְא
Transliteration: shav
Phonetic Spelling: (shawv)
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Short Definition: emptiness, vanity
Meaning: evil, idolatry, uselessness
Strong's Concordance
falsely, lie, lying, vain, vanity

Or shav {shav}; from the same as show' in the sense of desolating; evil (as destructive), literally (ruin) or morally (especially guile); figuratively idolatry (as false, subjective), uselessness (as deceptive, objective; also adverbially, in vain) -- false(-ly), lie, lying, vain, vanity.

see HEBREW show'


H7723. shav

שָׁוְאnoun [masculine] emptiness, vanity; — ׳שׁ‎ absolute Exodus 23:1 51t., שָׁוJob 15:31 (Kt); —

1 emptiness, nothingness, vanity: ׳שׁ אָרָם תְּשׁוּעַת‎ Psalm 60:13 vain (is) man's deliverance, = Psalm 108:13; ׳שׁ לָכֶם127:2 it is vain (useless) for you; 89:48 for (עַל‎) what nothingness hast thou created man ? compare שׁ ׳יַרְחֵיJob 7:3; שׁ ׳הַבְלֵיPsalm 31:7 (idols) = Jonah 2:9, compare Jeremiah 18:15 + Hosea 5:11 ᵐ5‎ (for צָו‎); שׁ ׳מִנְחַתIsaiah 1:13 of ineffective offering to ׳י‎; לַשּׁ ׳נשׂא‎ (לֹא‎) Exodus 20:7 (twice in verse) take up name of God in vain (to no good purpose) = Deuteronomy 5:11 (twice in verse), compare Psalm 24:4; 139:20 [ᵑ0lifted up in vain are thy foes, but read שְׁמֶ֑ךָ‎ for עָרֶיךָ‎, compare נשׂא1b (7); al. עָלֶיךָ‎, see II. עָר‎]; שׁ ׳היהHosea 12:12 become nothing (We שׁ ׳עשׂה‎, and so

3); שׁ ׳ראהPsalm 119:37; adverb ׳לַשּׁin vain Jeremiah 2:30; 4:30; 6:29; 46:11; ׳שׁPsalm 127:1 (twice in verse); Malachi 3:14.

2 emptiness of speech, "" lying, כָּזָב וּדְבַר ׳שׁProverbs 30:8; שׁ ׳דבּרPsalm 12:3; 41:7; 144:8; 144:11; Isaiah 59:4; Ezekiel 13:8; שׁ ׳אָלוֺתHosea 10:4 + 12:2 ᵐ5‎ We and others (for שֹׁד‎); עִםשֿׁ ׳הָלַךְJob 31:5 ("" מִרְמָה‎); שׁ ׳עֵדDeuteronomy 5:17 (= שָֽׁקֶר עֵדExodus 20:16); compare שׁ ׳שֵׁמַע23:1 (E); of false (empty) prophecy שׁ ׳חֲזוֺןEzekiel 12:24, שׁ ׳חָזוּLamentations 2:14; see also Ezekiel 13:6-7, 9, 23; Ezekiel 21:34; 22:28; Job 35:13 (or empty complaining, below 1); שׁ ׳קסםEzekiel 21:28; ׳הַשּׁ חֲלֹמוֺתZechariah 10:2.

3 of conduct, worthlessness (Buhl below

1, 2); שׁ ׳מְרתיworthless men Psalm 26:4; Job 11:11; worthless motives (in figurative) הַשּׁ ׳חַבְלֵיIsaiah 5:18; שׁ ׳נָפַת30:28 (i.e. sifting out the worthless; al. sieve of (bringing) disappointment); play on meanings in Job 15:31 (twice in verse), compare DrJob, Psalt. 464.

II. שׁוא‎ (√ of following; probably "" form of שׁאה‎).