Word Summary
sakal: to be prudent
Original Word: שָׂכַל
Transliteration: sakal
Phonetic Spelling: (saw-kal')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to be prudent
Meaning: to be, circumspect, intelligent
Strong's Concordance
consider, expert, instruct, prosper, deal prudently, give skillful, have good success, teach,

A primitive root; to be (causatively, make or act) circumspect and hence, intelligent -- consider, expert, instruct, prosper, (deal) prudent(-ly), (give) skill(-ful), have good success, teach, (have, make to) understand(-ing), wisdom, (be, behave self, consider, make) wise(- ly), guide wittingly.


H7919. sakal

I. שָׂכַלverb be prudent (Gerber47denominative from שֶׂכֶל‎, but verb early; Late Hebrew סָכַל‎, Hithpa`el shew oneself attentive (to), look; Aramaic סְכַל‎ (rare) understand, Ithpa`al look (at), consider, Aph`el instruct; שְׂכַל‎ only Aph`el (for Hebrew הִשְׂכִּיל‎), understand, make wise; Pa`el teach, Ethpa`al understand, etc.; Samaritan Ithpa`al look (for Hebrew הִבִּיט‎); Assyrian šiklu, clever, šklûtu, cleverness, MeissnSuppl.93); —

Qal Perfect3masculine singular ׳שׂ1 Samuel 18:30 be prudent, circumspect (SS HPS); Kit Buhl Gerber and others prosper.

Hiph`il Perfect3masculine singular הִשְׂכִּילJeremiah 23:5; 1 Chronicles 28:19; 1singular הִשְׂכַּלְתִּיPsalm 119:99; 3masculine plural הִשְׂכִּילוּJob 34:27 +; Imperfect יַשְׂכִּיל1 Samuel 18:5 +; 2 masculine singular jussive תַּשְׂכַּלDaniel 9:25, etc.; Imperative masculine plural הַשְׂכִּילוּPsalm 2:10; Infinitive absolute הַשְׂכֵּלJeremiah 9:23 +; הַשְׂכֵּיל‎ (Ges § 53 k) 3:15; Job 34:35; construct הַשְׂכִּילGenesis 3:6 +, etc.; Participle מַשְׂכִּיל1 Samuel 18:14 +, feminine מַשְׂכָּ֑לֶתProverbs 19:14; plural מַשְׂכִּילִיםDaniel 11:35 +, etc.; meanings hard to classify: scholars differ greatly; —

1 look at: לְהַשְׂכִּיל הָעֵץ נְחְמָדGenesis 3:6 (J) was desirable to look upon (so ᵐ5‎ Ges De; AV, RV to make one wise; Ew Di Buhl SS Dr and others below 3).

2 give attention to, consider, ponder: Isaiah 41:20; 44:18; Deuteronomy 32:29; Psalm 64:10; 106:7; Job 34:27; with לְProverbs 21:12; with אֶלPsalm 41:2; Nehemiah 8:13; with עַלProverbs 16:20; with בPsalm 101:2; Daniel 9:13.

3 have insight, comprehension: Jeremiah 9:23 ("" י ׳יָדַע‎), Psalm 94:8 ("" בִּין‎), 119:99, Daniel 1:4; 9:25 ("" יָדַע‎); הַשְׂכֵּ(י)ל‎ assubstantive = insight, understanding: as ׳י‎s gift to ruler and teacher, "" דֵּעָהJeremiah 3:15; "" דַּ֫עַתJob 34:35; "" מַדָּעDaniel 1:17; ׳הַשׂ מוּסַרProverbs 1:3; הַשׂ ׳דֶּרֶךְ21:16.

4 cause to consider, give insight, teach: ׳י‎ subject, accusative of thing, 1 Chronicles 28:19, accusative of person Psalm 32:8; Nehemiah 9:20; Gabriel subject, 2accusative Daniel 9:22; חָכָם לֵב‎ subject, accusative of thing Proverbs 16:23; with לְ‎, 21:11; לי טוֺב שֵׂכֶל ׳הַמַּשְׂכִּילִים2 Chronicles 30:22 (but Be Ke Benz etc. who shewed good skill, that is, in music, 30:21b); (הַ)מַוְכִּילִיםDaniel 11:33, 35; 12:3, 10 the teachers (so Ew Hi Bev; Thes Ke Behrm and others the wise).

5 act circumspectly, prudently: absolute Amos 5:13; Psalm 2:10; 36:4; מַשְׂכִּיל‎ as substantive 14:2 = 53:3, Proverbs 10:5, 19; 14:35; 15:24; 17:2; Job 22:2; מַשְׂכָּ֑לֶת אִשָּׁהProverbs 19:14. — Jeremiah 50:9 has מַשְׁכִּיל גִּבּוֺר‎ according to Masora (van d. H. Baer Gi), compare ᵑ9‎, i.e. a child-slaying warrior; but ׳שׁ

Hiph`il elsewhere only Hosea 9:14, of miscarriage; ᵑ6 ᵐ5‎ Ew and most modern (Gf Gie Rothst) read מַשְׂכִּיל‎, either skilful or fortunate.

6 prosper, have success (compare Dr 1 Samuel 18:5): absolute 18:15; Isaiah 52:13; Jeremiah 10:21; 20:11; 23:5; Joshua 1:8 (D); with ב‎, 1:7 (D) 1 Samuel 18:5, 14 (read בְּכָלֿ‎ for לְכָלֿ‎ Vrss Th HPS and others), compare 2 Kings 18:7; with אֶל‎, Proverbs 17:8.

7 cause to prosper: Deuteronomy 29:8; 1 Kings 2:3(D).

II. [שָׂכַל‎] verb Pi`el lay crosswise (so, and not √ I. ᵑ7 ᵑ9 ᵑ6 ᵐ5 ׳שׂ,Jon and modern, compare Arabic bind legs of beast, plait locks of hair); — Perfect3masculine singular אֶתיָֿדָיו שִׂכֵּלGenesis 48:14 (J); Thes Dr, however, prudentes fecit, from √ I. ׳שׂ‎.