Word Summary
shemoneh or shemonah: eight (a cardinal number)
Original Word: שְׁמֹנֶה
Transliteration: shemoneh or shemonah
Phonetic Spelling: (shem-o-neh')
Part of Speech: Noun
Short Definition: eight (a cardinal number)
Meaning: a cardinal number, eight, eighth
Strong's Concordance
eighteen eighth

Or shmowneh {shem-o-neh'}; feminine shmonah {shem-o-naw'}; or shmownah {shem-o-naw'}; apparently from shamen through the idea of plumpness; a cardinal number, eight (as if a surplus above the "perfect" seven); also (as ordinal) eighth -- eight((-een, -eenth)), eighth.

see HEBREW shamen


H8083. shemoneh

or shemonah שְׁמֹנֶה‎ (less often שְׁמוֺנֶה‎), שְׁמֹנָה109

noun masculine and feminine eight (on ֶ֯‎ compare BaNB 20, 200 and (against him) PhilippiBAS ii. 364; Arabic , Sabean תֿמני(תׅ‎ Homchr 47, 122 DHMZMG xxxvii (1883), 369 f., 375; Aramaic תְּמַנְיָא תְּמָנֵי,‎, , ; Nabataean תמונא‎, Palmyrene תמניא‎, Lzb386; Late Hebrew = Biblical Hebrew; Phoenician שמן‎ Ethiopic on Assyrian equivalent see Dl§ 75); — masculine (c. noun feminine) always absolute שְׁמֹנֶהJudges 3:8 + 40:t.; feminine (c. noun masculine) absolute שְׁמֹנָה1 Samuel 17:12 34t., construct שְׁמֹנַתNumbers 2:24 3t. (cases of 8 1018are additional, see below); plural שְׁמֹנִים‎, 80, see below: —

1 without other number:

a. שְׁמֹנֶה‎ cardinal, before plural noun Judges 3: 1 Kings 7:10 8t.; before singular noun שָׁנָךְ8:17 (Kt; Qr plural) 22:1; after plural noun Ezekiel 40:31; ordinal שׁ ׳בִּשְׁנַת לְ2 Kings 24:12, לְ שָׁנִים ׳בִּשׁ2 Chronicles 34:3.

b. שְׁמנָה‎ cardinal, before plural noun 1 Samuel 17:12 3t., + (noun omitted) Jeremiah 14:15 2t., also ׳שׁ אֵלֶּהGenesis 22:23 these8and, as round number, Micah 5:4 7and8(i.e. plenty); after plural noun Numbers 29:29; 2 Chronicles 29:17; ordinal, שׁ ׳בְּיוֺם לְ29:17.

c. feminine construct יָמִים שְׁמֹנַתGenesis 17:12; 21:4, ׳שׁ חַבָּקָרNumbers 7:8.

2810= 8:

a. with

noun feminine עֶשְׂרֵה שְׁמֹנֶה‎, cardinal: before singular שָׁנָךְJudges 3:14 2t., אַמָּה1 Kings 7:15 2t.; after plural noun 1 Chronicles 26:9; 2 Chronicles 11:21; noun omitted Ezra 8:18; Nehemiah 7:11; ordinal, ׳שׁ ׳ע לְ בִּשְׁנַת1 Kings 15:1 4t.; ׳בִּשׁ ׳ע לְ שָׁנָח2 Kings 22:3 2t.; שׁ ׳הַשָּׁנָה ׳ע לְ שָׁנָהJeremiah 32:1.

b. with

noun masculine עָשָׂר שְׁמֹנָח‎ cardinal: before singular אֶלֶףJudges 20:44 4t. + Psalm 60:2 (title), so read for ע ׳שְׁנֵים‎, compare 2 Samuel 8:13 = 1 Chronicles 18:12; before plural Ezra 8:9; noun omitted Genesis 14:14; ordinal, noun omitted 1 Chronicles 24:15; 25:15; אֶלֶף עָשָׂר שְׁמֹנַתJudges 20:25.

3 with other numerals:

a. מֵאוֺת שְׁמֹנֶח2 Samuel 23:8 (so read also "" 1 Chronicles 11:11 Kit Benz, compare Th We Dr and others), + 16 t.

b. אֶלֶף שְׁמֹנָח1 Chronicles 12:36 (35 van d. H.), 23:3; אֲלָפִים שְׁמֹנִתNumbers 2:24 3t.

c. ׳שׁ‎, cardinal, after tens 1 Samuel 4:15 20t.; before ten, only ׳שׁ בָּאַמָּה וְעֶשְׂריםExodus 26:2; 36:9; ordinal, וּשׁ ׳שְׁלשִׁים לְ שָׁנָח בִּשְׁנַת1 Kings 16:29; 2 Kings 15:8.