Word Summary
asham: to offend, be guilty
Original Word: אָשַׁם
Transliteration: asham
Phonetic Spelling: (aw-sham')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to offend, be guilty
Meaning: to be guilty, to be punished, perish
Strong's Concordance
certainly, become, made desolate, destroy, greatly, become, found, hold guilty,

Or mashem {aw-shame'}; a primitive root; to be guilty; by implication to be punished or perish -- X certainly, be(-come, made) desolate, destroy, X greatly, be(-come, found, hold) guilty, offend (acknowledge offence), trespass.


H816. asham

אָשֵׁם אָשַׁם,verb offend, be guilty (Arabic , id., sin, offence, , , requital, fault, guilt, mulct, compare Ethiopic ) — אָשַׁםLeviticus 5:19; Numbers 5:7; אָשֵׁםHabakkuk 1:11 7t.; אָֽשְׁמָהNumbers 5:6; אָשָׁ֑מְתָּProverbs 30:10; אָשַׁמְתְּEzekiel 22:4; אָשֵׁ֑מוּLeviticus 4:13; Imperfect יֶאְשַׁםHosea 4:15 13t.; Infinitive absolute אָשֹׁםLeviticus 5:19; אָשׁוֺםEzekiel 25:12; —

1 commit an offence, a trespass, do a wrong, or an injury, with ׃לְ ליהוה אָשַׁם אָשֹׁםhe hath done a great wrong to Yahweh (in violating the commands) Leviticus 5:19 (P); לוֺ אָשַׁם לַאֲשֶׁר וְנָתַןand he shall give it (restitution) to him to whom he did wrong Numbers 5:7 (P), compare 2 Chronicles 19:10 (twice in verse); אָשׁוֺם וַיֶאְשְׁמוּand they committed lasting wrong (irreparable wrong, the Edomites against Judah) Ezekiel 25:12.

2 be or become guilty Judges 21:22; Jeremiah 50:7; Hosea 4:15; Habakkuk 1:11; in offences requiring sin-offering Leviticus 4:13, 22, 27 (P), of trespass-offering 5:2-3, 17; Leviticus 5:23; Numbers 5:6 (P); with לguilty of Leviticus 5:4-5, (P), with בin or through Ezekiel 22:4; Hosea 13:1.

3 be held guilty, bear punishment Psalm 34:22; Psalm 34:23; Proverbs 30:10; Isaiah 24:6; Jeremiah 2:3; Hosea 5:15; 10:2; 14:1; Zechariah 11:5; Ezekiel 6:6 (but compare שָׁמֵם‎).

Niph`al נֶאְשָׁמוּsuffer punishment Joel 1:18 (si vera lectio; Me We and others נָשַׁמּוּ‎, √ שׁמם‎, compare Dron the passage).

Hiph`il Imperfect suffix הַאֲשִׁימֵםdeclare them guilty Psalm 5:11.