Word Summary
badal: to be divided, separate
Original Word: בָּדל
Transliteration: badal
Phonetic Spelling: (baw-dal')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to be divided, separate
Meaning: to be divided, separate
Strong's Concordance
make, put difference, divide asunder, make separate

A primitive root; to divide (in variation senses literally or figuratively, separate, distinguish, differ, select, etc.) -- (make, put) difference, divide (asunder), (make) separate (self, -ation), sever (out), X utterly.


H914. badal

[בָּדַל‎] verb be divided, separate (Arabic change, substitute, Mishna בָּדַלdivide, Syriac Ithpe`el, Ethpe`el) —

Hiph`il divide, separate; Perfect הִבְדִּילNumbers 16:9; Deuteronomy 10:8; suffix וְהִבְדִּילוֺ‎ consecutive 29:20; 3feminine singular וְהִבְדִּילָהExodus 26:33; וְהִבְדַּלְתָּNumbers 8:14; הִבְדִּילוּEzekiel 22:26, etc. Imperfect יַבְדִּילLeviticus 1:17 +; וַיַּבְדֵּלGenesis 1:4, 7; 1 Chronicles 25:1; suffix יַבְדִּילַנִיIsaiah 56:3; וָאַבְדִּלLeviticus 20:26; וָאַבְדִּילָהEzra 8:24, etc.; Infinitive absolute הַבְדֵּלIsaiah 56:3; construct לְהַבְדִּילGenesis 1:14 +; Participle מַבְדִּיל1:6; מַבְדִּילִיםIsaiah 59:2; —

1 divide, separate, subject God Genesis 1:4 followed by וּבֵין‎....בֵּיןbetween light and darkness, compare 1:7; subject heavenly bodies 1:14; 1:18; subject firmament followed by בֵּיןלְ֗֗֗1:6 (all in P's source); Exodus 26:33 of the מָּרֹכֶת‎ in tabernacle, followed by לָכֶם בֵּיןוּ֗֗֗בֵין֗֗֗‎; of iniquities, separating men from God לְבֵין ֗֗֗ בֵּיןIsaiah 59:2.

2 separate, set apart, followed by מִן‎, of ׳י‎, setting off Israel from other peoples Leviticus 20:24 (H) Numbers 16:9 (P); Leviticus 20:26 followed by also לִי לִהְיוֺת‎; compare 1 Kings 8:53 ׳הִבְדּ לְנַחֲלָה לְךָseparate them to thyself as an inheritance; of Moses, setting apart Levites, followed by מִתּוֺחNumbers 8:14; of separating an individual from the people, i.e. excluding him Deuteronomy 29:20, followed by also לְרָעָה‎; followed by מֵעַלIsaiah 56:3 (twice in verse), i.e. excluding him; compare also Nehemiah 13:3 followed by מִן‎; of setting apart (forbidding) beasts as unclean לְטַמֵּא לָכֶםLeviticus 20:25; of setting apart the tribe of Levi וגו ׳לָשֵׂאתDeuteronomy 10:8 (subject ׳י‎); compare also (hum. subject) 1 Chronicles 25:1, followed by לַעֲבֹדָה‎, 2 Chronicles 25:10 followed by Infinitive; similarly Ezra 8:24; even followed by participle Ezekiel 39:14 they shall set apart men עֹבְרִים‎, i.e. to pass through, or, men that shall pass through (RV); so of setting apart cities, accusative Deuteronomy 4:41; compare 19:2, 7.

3 make a distinction between clean and unclean, holy and profane, followed by בֵּיןוּ֗֗֗בֵיןLeviticus 20:25 (H); 10:10; 11:47 (both P); followed by בֵּיןלְ֗֗֗Ezekiel 22:26; 42:20.

4 divide into parts Leviticus 1:17; 5:8 (P), prohibited in case of fowls offered in sacrifice.

Niph`al Perfect נִבְדְּלוּ1 Chronicles 12:8; Ezra 9:1; Imperfect יִבָּדֵל10:8; וַיִּבָּדֵל1 Chronicles 23:13; וַיִּבָּֽדְלוּEzra 10:16; Nehemiah 9:2; Imperative הִבָּֽדְלוּNumbers 16:21; Ezra 10:11; Participle נִבְדָּל6:21; Nehemiah 10:29. 1 (reflexive of Hiph`il 2)

a. separate oneself from people of the land, heathen, and their practices, also from non-Jewish wives, followed by מִןEzra 6:21; 9:1; 10:11; Nehemiah 9:2; absolute in same sense Ezra 10:16 (compare StaG. ii. 199 & 179 n. WlPharisäer u. Sadd. 76).

b. withdraw from (Moses & Aaron from Israel) Numbers 16:21 (P), followed by מִתּוֺח‎.

c. separate oneself unto (אֶל‎) David 1 Chronicles 12:8.

d. Nehemiah 10:29 combines a. & c. separate oneself הָאֱלֹהִים אֶלתּֿוֺרַת הָֽאֲרָצוֺת מֵעַמֵּי‎.

2 passive, be separated.

a. be excluded from the people, followed by מִןEzra 10:8.

b. be set apart, of Aaron, followed by לְהַקְדִּישׁוֺ1 Chronicles 23:13. — On הבדיל‎, & distinction from הפריד‎ see DrJPhoenician xi. 219.