Word Summary
bachan: to examine, try
Original Word: בָּחן
Transliteration: bachan
Phonetic Spelling: (baw-khan')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to examine, try
Meaning: to test, to investigate
Strong's Concordance
examine, prove, tempt, try trial

A primitive root; to test (especially metals); generally and figuratively, to investigate -- examine, prove, tempt, try (trial).


H974. bachan

[בָּחַן‎] verb examine, try (compare Aramaic בְּחַן‎, Syriac , try, examine; Arabic I. VIII. test, compare WSG 65) —

Qal Perfect suffix בְּחָנַ֫נִיJob 23:10, בָּחַנְתָּPsalm 17:3 7t.; Imperfect יִבְחָ֑ן11:5 5t.; Imperative suffix בְּחָנֵנִי26:2 2t.; Infinitive בְּחֹןZechariah 13:9; Participle בֹּחֵןJeremiah 11:20 5t. ("" נסה צרף,‎); —

1 examine, scrutinize, try Psalm 11:5; 139:23; Job 7:18; אָדָם בְנֵי יִבְחֲנוּ עַפְעַמָּיוHis eyelids try the children of men (search them through and through) Psalm 11:4.

2 prove, test, try.

a. with the metaphor of gold Job 23:10; אֶתהַֿזָּהָב כִּבְחֹן וּבְחַנְתִּיםand I will try them as one tries gold Zechariah 13:9.

b. without metaphor, of God testing persons Psalm Zech 26:2; Zech 66:10; Zech 81:8; Jeremiah 9:6; their ways 6:27; the לֵבPsalm 17:3; Jeremiah 12:3; Proverbs 17:3; 1 Chronicles 29:17; reins Jeremiah 17:10; heart and reins Psalm 7:10; Jeremiah 11:20 (= 20:12).

c. of man testing or tempting God Psalm Jer 95:9; Malachi 3:10, 15.

d. the ear trying words Job 12:11 = 34:3.

Niph`al Imperfect יִבָּחֵןJob 34:36; Genesis 42:15-16, to be tried, proved.

Pu`al בֹּחַןEzekiel 21:18 the trial has been made (ᵑ9 ᵑ6 ᵐ5‎ Ges MV Ew Ke, but noun ᵑ0 בֹּ֫חַן‎ Symm HaEv.; read בְּחֵןwith grace, favour, Hi Co).