Word Summary
chagar: to gird, gird on, gird oneself
Original Word: חָגַר
Transliteration: chagar
Phonetic Spelling: (khaw-gar')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to gird, gird on, gird oneself
Meaning: to gird, gird on, gird oneself
Strong's Concordance
be able to put on, be afraid, appointed, gird, restrain, on every side

A primitive root; to gird on (as a belt, armor, etc.) -- be able to put on, be afraid, appointed, gird, restrain, X on every side.


H2296. chagar

[חָגַר‎] verb gird, gird on, gird oneself (Late Hebrew id., Aramaic חֲגַר‎; Arabic hinder, restrain, so Syriac ; Assyrian agâru, surround, in derivatives, DlW 105 ff.; Sabean מחגרת‎ (compare Arabic , enclosed space, district, etc.), DHM in MV; also proper name, of deity and location חגר‎, SabDenkm3. 81. 93 CISiv. 1, No. 49 etc.) —

Qal Perfect3feminine singular חָֽגְרָהProverbs 31:17; 2masculine singular וְהָגַרְתָּ֫Exodus 29:9; 3plural חָֽגְרוּIsaiah 15:3; Lamentations 2:10; ׳וְח‎ consecutive Ezekiel 7:18; 27:31; Imperfect3masculine singular יָחְגֹּרLeviticus 16:4, וַיַּחְגֹּר8:7 (twice in verse) + 4 t.; suffix יַחְגְּרֶ֑הָPsalm 109:19; 2masculine singular תַּחְגֹּר76:11 (but on text see below); 3 masculine plural יַחְגְּרוּEzekiel 44:18; 2 Samuel 22:46 (but on text of both see below), וַיַּחְגְּרוּ1 Samuel 25:13; 1 Kings 20:32; 3feminine plural תַּחְגֹּרְנָהPsalm 65:13; 2masculine plural וַתַּחְגְּרוּDeuteronomy 1:41; Imperative masculine singular חֲגֹּר2 Kings 4:29; 9:1, חֲגוֺרPsalm 45:4; feminine singular חִגְרִיֿJeremiah 6:26; masculine plural חִגְרוּ1 Samuel 25:13 3t.; feminine plural חֲגֹּרְנָהJeremiah 49:3, compare חֲג֖וֺרָהIsaiah 32:11 (see below); Infinitive cstr. לַחֲגֹר22:12; Participle act. חֹגֵר1 Kings 20:11; 2 Kings 3:21; passive masculine חָגוּרJudges 18:11 5t.; feminine construct חֲגֻרַתֿJoel 1:8; plural חֲגוּרִיםExodus 12:11; Judges 18:16; חֲגֻרִיםDaniel 10:5; —

1 transitive, gird some one, with girdle; with 2 accusative Exodus 29:9; Leviticus 8:13 (both P); passive, girded with ephod (accusative) 1 Samuel 2:18; 2 Samuel 6:14; followed by בְּDaniel 10:5, with accusative and בְּ‎, figurative Proverbs 31:17, מתניה בְּעוז חגרהLeviticus 8:7 (twice in verse) (P), with accusative מתניםgird up thy loins, i.e. make ready to go 2 Kings 4:29; 9:1, passive Exodus 12:11 (P); compare probably also עַלחֲֿלָצָ֑יִם חֲג֖וֺרָהIsaiah 32:11 gird upon the loins (2nd accusative omitted); on verb. form as Imperative feminine plural see AE Ki Ew§ 226 a Di Du; > as masculine singular Ol§ 234 a Ges§ 48. 5 Sta§ 591 d§ 20. 12.

2 gird on, bind on (= gird oneself with), a girdle Psalm 109:19 (in simile); so especially with accusative שׂקים שׂק,‎ of mourning Isaiah 15:3; 22:12; Lamentations 2:10; Ezekiel 7:18; 27:31; 2 Samuel 3:31; Jeremiah 4:8; 6:26; 49:3; also 1 Kings 20:32 (with accusative שׂק‎ + ב‎ before מתנים‎); passive, followed by על‎ before object of mourning Joel 1:8 (simile); absolute (שׂק‎ omitted) 1:13 ("" ספדו‎); followed by חֶרֶד1 Samuel 25:13 (3 t. in verse); Deuteronomy 1:41; Psalm 45:4 ׳ח יָרֵךְ על חרד‎, so Judges 3:16; 1 Samuel 17:39 (followed by accusative + מֵעַל‎); with accusative of congnate meaning with verb ׳ח חגורה2 Kings 3:21; absolute 1 Kings 20:11; passive Judges 18:11, 16, 17; 2 Samuel 20:8b (where read חֶרֶב‎ Klo Dr — not We), 21:16; read perhaps also חָגוּר‎ for חֲגוֺר20:8 c, so Klo Dr.

3 intransitive gird oneself, followed by בְּ‎ of thing Leviticus 16:4 (P), so יַח ׳לֹא בַיָּ֑זַעthey shall not gird themselves with sweat (?), but strike out ᵑ6‎ Co Sgfr; with accusative of thing (figurative) תַּח גְּבָעוֺת ׳גִּילPsalm 65:13 with rejoicing the hills gird themselves; compare תַּחְ חֵמֹת ׳שְׁאֵרִית76:11 with a remnant (residue) of wraths thou girdest thyself, so Hi Hup De VB; but very doubtful; ᵐ5‎ Bö Ew read תְּחָגָּ֑ךָ‎ for תַּחגר‎; Bae Ka omit line as corrupt; compare further Che and critical note — וְיַחְגְּרוּ2 Samuel 22:46 is text error for וְיַחְרְגוּ‎, compare "" Psalm 18:46; so Now Hup Kit and others