Word Summary
charash: to cut in, engrave, plow, devise
Original Word: חָרַשׁ
Transliteration: charash
Phonetic Spelling: (khaw-rash')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to cut in, engrave, plow, devise
Meaning: to cut in, engrave, plow, devise
Strong's Concordance
altogether, cease, conceal, be deaf, devise, ear, graven, imagine,

A primitive root; to scratch, i.e. (by implication) to engrave, plough; hence (from the use of tools) to fabricate (of any material); figuratively, to devise (in a bad sense); hence (from the idea of secrecy) to be silent, to let alone; hence (by implication) to be deaf (as an accompaniment of dumbness) -- X altogether, cease, conceal, be deaf, devise, ear, graven, imagine, leave off speaking, hold peace, plow(-er, man), be quiet, rest, practise secretly, keep silence, be silent, speak not a word, be still, hold tongue, worker.


H2790. charash

I. [חָרַשׁ‎] verb cut in, engrave, plough, devise (Late Hebrew id., plough, so Eth Phoenician חרש‎, Aramaic (rare) חֲרַתengrave, cleave, plough, Arabic plough) —

Qal Perfect חָֽרְשׁוּPsalm 129:3, חֲרַשְׁתֶּםJudges 14:18; Hosea 10:13; Imperfect יַחֲרשׁIsaiah 28:24; Proverbs 20:4; יַחֲרוֺשׁHosea 10:11+ Amos 6:12 (see below); 2 masculine singular תַּחֲרשׁDeuteronomy 22:10; Proverbs 3:29; Infinitive construct חֲרשׁ1 Samuel 8:12; Participle חֹרֵשׁGenesis 4:22 5t.; חוֺרֵשׁAmos 9:13; plural חֹרְשִׁיםPsalm 129:3, חֹרְשֵׁיJob 4:8 3t., feminine plural absolute חֹרְשׁוֺת1:14; passive חֲרוּשָׁהJeremiah 17:1: —

1 cut in, engrave, of worker in metals ׳ח וּבַרְזֶל נְחשֶׁתGenesis 4:22 (J), ׳ח נחשׁת1 Kings 7:14; figurative ׳ח לִבָּם עַללֿוּחַJeremiah 17:1 engraved on the tablet of their heart.

2 plough, literally, human subject (animal usually with בְּ‎), no object expressed 1 Kings 19:19; Deuteronomy 22:10; Isaiah 28:24, so בבקרים יַחֲרוֺשׁAmos 6:12 (but read probably יָם בבקר יֵחָרֵשׁ‎, see We and others); with accusative of congnate meaning with verb ׳ח חֲרִישׁוֺ1 Samuel 8:12 plough his ploughing (= do his ploughing), Proverbs 20:4; figurative of Judah Hosea 10:11; with ethical reference ׳ח רֶשַׁע10:13 ("" קצר‎), ׳ח אָוֶןJob 4:8 ("" קצר זרע,‎); חֹרְשִׁים חָֽרְשׁוּ עַלגַּֿבִּיPsalm 129:3 upon my back have ploughmen ploughed (figurative of oppression by wicked); חֹרֵשׁ‎ = ploughman Isaiah 28:24; Amos 9:13 ("" קוֺצֵר‎); ׳ח‎ with oxen subject only Job 1:14.

3 devise (as one who works in, practises), usually bad sense, object רָעָהProverbs 3:29, רַע6:14; אָוֶן מַחְשְׁבוֺת6:18, חֹרְשֵׁירַע12:20; 14:22; but also טוֺב חֹרְשֵׁי14:22.

Niph`al Imperfect3feminine singular תֵּחָרֵשׁ שָׂדֶה צִיּוֺןMicah 3:12 Zion, as a field she shall be ploughed = Jeremiah 26:18.

Hiph`il Participle עַלֿ רָעָה מַחֲרִישׁ1 Samuel 23:9 fabricating mischief against (see Dr, and compare We).

II. [חָרֵשׁ‎] verb 1. be silent, dumb, speechless;

2 be deaf; chiefly poet. (Late Hebrew Pi`el make deaf; Aramaic , be dumb, deaf; Arabic be dumb, speechless, compare Assyrian —arâšu, restrain, according to DlPr 100; see LagBN 120) —

Qal Imperfect יֶחֱרָ֑שׁPsalm 50:3; 2masculine singular תֶּחֱרַשׁ28:1; 83:2; תֶּחֱרַ֑שׁ35:22; 109:1; תֶּחֱרָ֑שׁ39:13; 3feminine plural תֶּחֱרַ֑שְׁנָהMicah 7:16; —

1 be silent, always of God's keeping silence when men pray Psalm 35:22; 50:3; 83:2; 109:1; followed by אֶלֿ39:13.

2 be deaf, subject ׳י‎, followed by מִמֶּנִּיPsalm 28:1; subject אָזְנַיִםMicah 7:16.

Hiph`il Perfect חֶחֱרִשׁNumbers 30:15; Genesis 34:5; יְחֶחֱרִישׁ‎ consecutive Numbers 30:5; 30:8; וְהֶחֱרִשׁ‎ consecutive 30:12; הֶחֱרַ֫שְׁתִּיEsther 7:4 2t. etc.; Imperfect יַחֲרִישׁNumbers 30:15 2t. (including Zephaniah 3:17 see below); 2 masculine singular תַּחֲרִישׁHabakkuk 1:13; jussive תַּחְרֵשׁ1 Samuel 7:8; 2masculine plural תַּחֲרִישׁוּןJob 13:5; תַּחֲרִשׁוּןExodus 14:14, etc.; Imperative הַחֲרֵשׁJudges 18:19 2t.; הַחֲרִ֫ישִׁי2 Samuel 13:20; הַחֲרִ֫ישׁוּJob 13:13; Isaiah 41:1; Infinitive absolute הַחֲרֵשׁNumbers 30:15 2t.; Participle מַחֲרִישׁGenesis 24:21 2t. (including 1 Samuel 10:27 see below); מַחֲרִישִׁים2 Samuel 19:11; —

1 be silent (= exhibit silence)

a. almost always of men Genesis 24:21; 34:5; Exodus 14:14 (all J), Judges 18:19; 2 Samuel 13:20; 19:11; 2 Kings 18:36 = Isaiah 36:21; Jeremiah 4:19; Job 6:24; 13:5 (twice in verse); 13:19; 33:31, 33; Proverbs 11:12; 17:28; Psalm 32:3; Nehemiah 5:8; Esther 4:14 (twice in verse); 7:4; also כְּמַחֲרִישׁ וַיְהִי1 Samuel 10:27 (but read rather כְּמֵחֹדֶשׁ ויהיand it came to pass after about a month, ᵐ5‎ Dr); באהבתו יחרישׁZephaniah 3:17 (יְחַדֵּשׁ ᵑ6 ᵐ5‎ he will renew his love, see especially BuhlZAW see 1885, 183); ׳ח‎ with לְ‎ person keep silence at one, i.e. fail to make objection at proper time Numbers 30:5; 30:8; 30:12; 30:15 (3 t. in verse) (all P); ׳הח אליIsaiah 41:1 pregnantly = come silently unto me; followed by מִן‎ person cease to speak with Jeremiah 38:27; be silent about, pass by in silence, followed by accusative ׳אח בַּדָּיוJob 41:4.

b. rarely of God, permitting evil in silence Habakkuk 1:13; Isaiah 42:14; Psalm 50:21.

2 once causat. make silent, with accusative Job 11:3.

3 be deaf, shew deafness: מִזְּעֹק מִמֶּנּוּ תַּחֲרֵשׁ אַלֿ1 Samuel 7:8 be not deaf (turning) from us, so as not to cry. **

Hithpa`el Imperfect3masculine plural וַיִּתְחָֽרְשׁוּJudges 16:2 and they kept quiet.