Word Summary
qashah: to be hard, severe or fierce
Original Word: קָשָׁה
Transliteration: qashah
Phonetic Spelling: (kaw-shaw')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to be hard, severe or fierce
Meaning: to be hard, severe or fierce
Strong's Concordance
be cruel, be fiercer, make grievous, be in, have, seem, harden, labor, be sore,

A primitive root; properly, to be dense, i.e. Tough or severe (in various applications) -- be cruel, be fiercer, make grievous, be ((ask a), be in, have, seem, would) hard(-en, (labour), -ly, thing), be sore, (be, make) stiff(-en, (-necked)).


H7185. qashah

I. [קָשָׁה‎] verb be hard, severe, fierce (Late Hebrew קָשָׁהbe severe; Arabic () be hard, dry, III. endure, struggle against, severity; Aramaic קְשָׁא‎, be hard, difficult; Jewish-Aramaic קַשְׁיָה קְשִׁי,‎ adjective hard); —

Qal Perfect3feminine singular קָֽשְׁתָה1 Samuel 5:7, קָשָׁ֑תָהGenesis 49:7; Imperfect3masculine singular יִקְשֶׁהDeuteronomy 1:17; 15:18, וַיִּ֫קֶשׁ‎ 2 Samuel 19:44; —

1 be hard, difficult Deuteronomy 1:17 (of a legal case; מִן‎ comparative).

2 be hard, severe, עָלֵינוּ ׳ק יָדוֺ1 Samuel 5:7 (of ׳י‎, in judgement); ׳יִק בְעֵינֶ֑ךָ‎. Deuteronomy 15:18 it shall not be hard in thine eyes (seem a severe trial, an injustice); of wrath Genesis 49:7 (poem in J; "" עָ֑ז‎); of fierce words 2 Samuel 19:44.

Niph`al Participle נִקְשֶׁהIsaiah 8:21 hardly bestead, hard pressed.

Pi`el Imperfect3feminine singular בְּלִדְתָּהּ וַתְּקַשׁGenesis 35:16 (E) she made hard in her bearing (had severe labour).

Hiph`il Perfect3masculine singular הִקְשָׁהExodus 13:15 +, etc.; Imperfect3masculine singular וַיֶּקֶשׁ2 Chronicles 36:13; 3 masculine plural וַיַּקְשׁוּJeremiah 7:26 +, etc.; Infinitive construct suffix בְּהַקְשֹׁתָהּGenesis 35:17; Participle מַקְשֶׁהProverbs 28:14; 29:1; —

1 make difficult, difficulty: לְשַׁלְּחֵנוּ הִקְשָׁהExodus 13:15 Pharaoh made difficulty about sending us away; of travail Genesis 35:17 (E; as

Pi`el); לִשְׁאוֺל הִקְשִׁיתָ2 Kings 2:10 thou hast made hard to ask, asked a hard thing.

2 make severe, burdensome, yoke imposed by king 1 Kings 12:4 2 Chronicles 10:4.

3. a. make hard, stiff, stubborn, figurative of obstinacy: אֶתעָֿרְמָּם וַיַּקְשׁוּ2 Kings 17:14 they stiffened their neck, so Jeremiah 7:26; 17:23; 19:15; Deuteronomy 10:16; 2 Chronicles 30:8; 36:13; Nehemiah 9:16-17, 29; Proverbs 29:1; לְבַבְכֶם אַלתַּֿקְשׁוּPsalm 95:8, compare Proverbs 28:14; subject פ אֶתלֵֿב ׳אַקְשֶׁה ׳י,Exodus 7:3 (P), accusative אֶתרֿוחוֺDeuteronomy 2:30,

b. shew stubborness Job 9:4 (with אֶל‎ person [׳י‎]).